Deep Vein Thrombosis
Cause: A blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs.
Symptoms: swelling in one or both legs, pain or tenderness, warmth in the skin, and visible surface veins
Diagnostic test: Duplex ultrasound, venography, and a MRI
Incidence: 1 in1,000 adults per year has DVT and 1 in 100,000 children per year
Prevention: Maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly, avoid smoking and long periods of inactivity
Risk factors or complications: Inheriting a blood clotting disorder, prolonged bed rest, such as during a long hospital stay/ paralysis and injury/surgery. Complications include Pulmonary Embolism, and Postphlebetic syndrome.
Treatment: Blood Thinners, clot busters, filters, and compression stockings.
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