Measles(Rubeola)

More Lethal Than ChickenPox

Cause

Measles is caused by a virus. It is a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus. It is a enveloped, single-stranded, negative sense RNA virus.

Transmission

Measles is a type of virus that infects the respiratory organs turning it into an aerosol form, meaning it is spread through the inhalation of infected air. It is also spread through the mixing of body fluids from the oral and nasal regions.


How Contagious

Measles is a highly contagious disease and 90% of people without immunity who live with an infected will catch it.

Virulency

The disease usually lasts a from four days to more than a week, and leaves when the rash has completely disappeared. Once you get measles a first time it is extremely unlikely that you will ever contract it again unless a sudden mutated outbreak occurred within a close vicinity.

Symptoms

A high fever

Runny nose, coughing, and red eyes

Full body rash of red spots, including in the mouth

Diagnostic Tests

You can tell if someone has measles by looking at the reddish brown rash covering their whole body, and by looking for the bright red Koplik's spots in the lining of the mouth and throat. Tests include a blood test and a viral culture.

Treatment

Take medicine to lower your fever, drink lots of liquids, and get lots of bed rest until the illness has gone away.

Mortality

In North America measles has a close to 0% death rate but in developing countries it has a much higher chance of killing.

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