FEMALE SLAVES DURING CIVIL WAR TIMES
mary elizabeth bowser
SALLY HEMINGS was an enslaved African-American woman who’s believed to have had several children with U.S. president, Thomas Jefferson.
MARGARET GARNER was also an enslaved African-American woman who killed one of her children rather than seeing it become a slave.
MARY ELIZABETH BOWSER was a freed African-American slave who soon became a spy.
HARRIET TUBMAN was an African-American woman who freed slaves from the South and brought them to the North.
MARY TOUVESTRE was a former African-American slave who became a spy.
IF A SLAVE TRIED TO ESCAPE: If a slave was caught trying to escape, the punishment could be very severe. Often runaways would be sold "south." That means that they were sold to someone who lived much further south than Maryland, where it would be harder to run away because the distance to the North was so much greater. Other times, runaways would be beaten and forced to do exceptionally hard work. Sometimes they were sold to a different owner who lived nearby. Sometimes they were simply taken back to their master and returned to work. Often, slaves who failed to escape the first time tried again and succeeded.
Any other disobedience from a slave would cause the slave to be severely whipped causing open wounds that could even possibly get infected.