Geography Affects Egypt

By: Samantha Barkholz and Haley Hangey

The Nile river was the Egyptians source of water that was constantly flowing. The floods from the Nile river were helpful, it covered black silt, creating very fertile land. The fertile land helped grow annual crops for the Egyptians. The Nile River was the center of life in ancient Egypt. It provided a way to transport goods and people across long distances. It's different than the other rivers because the Nile, is the only river that runs south to north. It does that because of the moutains and geography which angles. A mountain/hill is the start of the river which (because of gravity) make the river flow the way it does. There was land on both sides of the Nile, they were called "The Black Lands", the black lands were the fertile land on either side of the Nile. The floods helped feed he soil, making it rich soil, perfect for growing crops.

Nile River Map, you can see the delta and some deserts

The deserts that affected Egypt were the Libyan Desert and the Sahara Desert. They were close to the Nile river where they might have to cross. The Sahara Desert was the hottest desert in ancient Egypt. The desert areas were called "The Red Lands" because of their so called red iron-laden earth. The "red land" was the barren desert that protected them on two sides.

The Sahara Desert