Pollution

By: Ines Chaplin

What is Pollution

Pollution is the introduction of chemicals, substances and other horrible things released into the natural environment that cause bad changes. Some is obvious like smoke which you can see but much of it is not obvious at all. Yet you're eating it and drinking it and breathing it most of the time. And what is worse is that all this muck affects all other life on Earth. You can find pollution made by people just about everywhere on the planet. Even remote places like the Arctic are badly polluted by nasty chemicals made by people. The polar bears and seals there have poisonous chemicals in their bodies and so do the Inuit people who live with them. These nasty things kill many animals and make others sick - including penguins in the Antarctic. They also kill people and make them ill too. There's nowhere on the planet left with no pollution; not even the bottom of the sea or high up in the air.

Facts

1. Plastic is the most common element that is found in the ocean. It is harmful for the environment as it does not get break down easily and is often considered as food by marine animals.

2. The biggest source of pollution in the ocean is directly from land based sources, such as oil, dirt, septic tanks, farms, ranches, motor vehicles, among larger sources. Thousands of tons of waste and trash are dumped into the ocean on a daily basis.

3. Over one million seabirds are killed by ocean pollution each year. Three hundred thousand dolphins and porpoises die each year as a result of becoming entangled in discarded fishing nets, among other items. One hundred thousand sea mammals are killed in the ocean by pollution each year.

4. As 70% of the earth is covered with water, people actually assumed that all pollutants would be diluted and get disappeared. But in reality, they have not disappeared and their effects can be easily seen as they have entered the food chain.

5. Pollution is one of the biggest killers, affecting more than 100 million worldwide.

6. More than 1 billion people worldwide don’t have access to safe drinking water.

7. 5000 people die every day as a result of drinking unclean water.

8. Approximately 46% of the lakes in America are extremely polluted and hence risky for swimming, fishing and aquatic life.

9.More than 3 million kids under the age of 5 years die every year due to environmental factors like pollution.

10. There are more around 73 various kinds of pesticides in the groundwater, which is used as drinking water.

11. The people more susceptible to high ozone levels are children, elderly, people with lung disease, and people who are active outdoors.

12. Approximately 3 billion people without proper shelter and healthcare cook and heat their homes using open fires and leaky stoves, thus contributing more towards pollution and global warming.

Prevention

  • Minimize raw material use
  • Minimize water use
  • Minimize energy use
  • Optimize operating efficiency, scheduling
  • Improve maintenance procedures
  • Change inventory/purchasing practices to reduce waste
  • Improve housekeeping practices
  • Avoid/minimize losses/leaks/spills
  • Reuse materials on-site
  • Close process loops
  • Recycle materials on-site
  • Off-site reuse of waste/by product materials
  • Waste exchange
  • Off-site recycling, reprocessing, material recovery, reclamation

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