Civil Rights Timeline
1954 - Brown vs Board of Education
The Brown vs Board of Education is a case named after an African American girl named Linda Brown, who was denied to be admitted in an all-white school and instead is attending schools more than a few blocks away from her home. The NAACP filed against the school board for the racial segregation violation to the Constitution's Equal Protection Clause. This event was significant in the Civil Right's movement because it opened doors for other nations to have schools for all students to be admitted into.
1957 - Integration of Central High School
Integration of Central High School is about nine African American students who attended a white school in which they were ridiculed and hated in Little Rock, Arkansas. On Sept. 3rd 1957, Governor Orval Faubus order the Arkansas National Guard to protect these nine students while they were in school and escorted them everywhere they went in the school. This was significant to the Civil Right's movement because it showed how nine students broke through racial barriers within education.
1960 - First Lunch-Counter Sit-In
A story about four young African Americans who sat down at a lunch table in Greensboro, North Carolina and politely asked for service but were refused. They remained in their seats even after being asked to leave. This was significant because it was a youth-led movement to challenge racial inequality.
1961 - Black students and Civil Rights workers sit in white section of bus station (Freedom Riders)
Freedom riders were African American students and Civil rights workers in the South who refused to move from their seats, in which were designated seats for the whites. The purpose of the act was to protest against segregation in interstate bus terminals.
1962 - Integration of the University of Mississippi
An African American man named James Meredith attempted to get into the University of Mississippi. His attempt to be enrolled brought chaos to Ole Miss Campus, leaving two dead, hundred wounded and many arrested. James Meredith's enrollment was significant to the Civil Right's movement because like the Brown vs Education, it opened doors for more colleges to accept and enroll African American students.
1963 - Murder of NAACP leader Medgar Evers
Medgar Evers was an African American man who volunteered to fight in the Battle of Normandy. Although he fought for the whites, he found out later that his skin color gave him freedom nor rights. Coming home from the war, he joined hands with the NAACP and protested against racial segregation. Leading up to his death, his had received many threats and on June 12, 1963 he was struck in the back in his driveway. This incident was significant because it showed how even though he was a colored man, he was honored by over 30,000 at his funeral along with soldiers.
1963 - Campaign to desegregate city; 4 killed in bombing of church
On Sunday, Sept. 15 1963 in Birmingham Alabama, a bomb exploded before morning services began. The church that had the bomb explosion was the place where many Civil Rights leaders had their meetings. Many were injured and 4 girls were dead. This was a significant incident because it brought national attention to how dangerous of a struggle civil rights leaders have to fight for.
1963 - March on Washington "I have a dream" speech by Martin Luther King Jr.
Over 200,000 American marched and gathered in Washington D.C. for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. The event was meant for to shine a light to the struggles of African Americans and the beginning of "I Have a Dream" by Martin Luther King Jr. This was significant because it was the key moment on the struggle of civil rights in the U.S.
1964 - Murder of three Civil Rights leaders
Three Civil Rights leaders, a 21-year-old black Mississippian, James Chaney, and two white New Yorkers, Andrew Goodman-20, and Michael Schwerner-24, were murdered near Philadelphia. The three men were working on registering black voters in Mississippi. This is significant because it enlarged the number of black voters in Mississippi.
1964 - Marching for voting rights in Montgomery
Also known as Bloody Sunday, is the day that African Americans marched across a highway from Selma to Montgomery to show their desire for African American to practice their rights to vote and freedom. When they reached the end of the highway, many people were trampled and killed. This is significant in the way that it gave equal rights to African American as to white mens.
1968 - Murder of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was the prominent leader of the African American Civil Right's movement. He was shot and killed by a man by the name of James Earl Ray on his second floor balcony. Martin Luther King Jr.'s death caused many riots between the whites and blacks. With the his death, it sped up the process of Equal Housing bill.
1954-1956 Boycott of Segregated bus system
Famously known for not giving up her seat for a white man, Rosa Parks story was one of the defining events in the civil rights movement. Many blacks aimed for to desegregate bus stations and finally had the chance to with Rosa Parks. This is significant because the U.S. Supreme Court ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus system.