Relevancy Assignment

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was signed and put into place by Andrew Jackson. The act allowed settlers to settle the land west of the Mississippi River in exchange for specially designated Indian Land on the other side of the Mississippi. Some tribes agreed and went peacefully; however many resisted Jacksons relocation efforts. In 1832, Worcester challenged the state of Georgia over how the Cherokee Indians should be classified in social structure. Worcester argued that the Cherokee people were a nation with civilized government and should be allowed to stay on the land they were currently on while Georgia said that they were simply a group of people living on land that belonged to America citizens. The court ruled that the state of Georgia was unconstitutional toward the Cherokees. This case established that the federal government was more powerful than the state itself and had the power to impose laws on the state. In 1823 the Treaty of Moultrie Creek was signed after the First Seminole War. The Indians that signed the treaty agreed to move onto a reservation in Central Florida; however many of the Seminoles did not want to move onto the reservation. Those that did move realized that they now had to share the land with other Native tribes and when crops were planted, the soil was found unsuitable for their lifestyle. They eventually moved back to their traditional lands and conflict arose between the white settlers. By the end of 1835, a full-scale war had erupted between the White settlers and the Seminoles that partnered with escaped slaves. The white settlers captured Osceola, a Seminole leader, who died in prison in 1838. Upon his death, the Seminole began their decline. Some were killed while others were captured and relocated to reservations in the West. The war officially ended in 1842. In 1836, the federal government began forcibly removing many Native American tribes from the land east of the Mississippi that was set to be claimed by white settlers. The tribes were then forced to walk to reservations set in Oklahoma. They were forced to leave their homes and many died on the trek.


Dear Colonel,

Your letter without date reached me yesterday. I have perused it with much interest. I trust our chief will come forth like himself, & repell the attack.The moment I saw Mr Forsyths correspondence at Madrid, and the report of the Sec. of the Treasury [Crawford], I thought I saw, a meditated blow, at the President & Sec. of War [Calhoun]. There appears in the two things, a systematic understanding, & combination. I do know, and so I informed Mr Calhoun & Mr Monroe, that Wm. H. Crawford is a base man, they too well know him. But he finds he is gone & he wishes to tumble them with him. I trust his shaft will fall harmless at their feet. Please accept a tender of my thanks for your attention to the pamphlet. I shall write you when at leisure. I have to answer a communication from the Sec. of War recd. yesterday on the plan of the contemplated campaign against Florida, to forward by tomorrow’s mail. Having given to my friend Gadsden when he left me my plans, notes, charts of those places expecting to resign, I am taken by surprise, but if I recollect the mouth of the Grand Lagoon afords sufficient depth of water to admit transports. If so our heavy ordinance & c &c can be landed there & a few teams of oxen can be landed there & a few teams of oxen & horses will take them to position. For information on this head I have referred the Sec. of War [2] to you. Please present me respectfully to him & Mr Monroe, to Capt. Easter & Brunaugh & should a campaign be ordered I shall expect you with me.

Mrs. J. joins me in good wishes for your health & happiness, & believe me to be
Your friend sincerely
Andrew Jackson

Comment Stream