THIS IS MALCOLM. He is 3-dimensional. Sculpture class is all about creating 3-dimensional art.
Malcolm can help sometimes!
What will we be using in sculpture class?
1st semester: CLAY
2nd semester: VARIOUS MEDIUM
TERMS FOR 1st SEMESTER:
Bisque: The first firing a pot undergoes to prepare it for glazing.
Burnishing: A technique where the Leather hard clay is polished with a hard instrument to force the smallest clay particles to the surface creating a soft sheen.
Clay: The decomposition of Granite through the process of Kaolinization creates clay (Kaolinization--The natural formation of kaolin from the decomposition of feldspar.). Clay is a mineral with a plate (platelet) like structure; it is these plates, when lubricated with water, slide against each other to form the plastic mass we know as clay.
Coiling: A method of handbuilding a form using long rolled out, or extruded, snake-like lengths of clay. Each coil of clay is integrated with the previous one to build the work up. The coils may be completely obliterated in the construction process or retained for their decorative qualities.
Firing: The process, which changes clay into ceramic.
Fuse: To melt.
Greenware: Unfired pottery.
Glaze: A super cooled liquid, with a random molecular structure and high viscosity at normal temperatures, super cooling is relative to geological cooling. Painted on bisqueware and glaze-fired.
Kiln: Basically an insulated box, which is heated to fire pots in. A kiln is like a super powered oven.
Leather Hard: A stage in the drying process of clay when the clay is pliable but strong enough to handle. It is ideal for trimming and the addition of appendages such as handles and spouts. Relatively wet clay can be attached to the pot at this stage and the resulting bond will not form cracks.
Pinching: A method of forming clay, which is well described by its name.
Shrinkage: The decrease in the size of a clay object due to drying and firing. Dry shrinkage is reversible with the return of water, but firing shrinkage is permanent due to chemical and physical changes clay undergoes when exposed to heat.
Slip: A fluid suspension of clay and water, with a “cream” like consistency. Used after scoring to glue clay pieces together.
Throwing: To make pottery by hand on the potters wheel. A delicate balance, which defies gravity and centrifugal force as clay is coaxed up by hand from a spinning turntable.
Wedging: To kneed or mix clay by hand. A hand process used to homogenize the clay and remove air bubbles, thus making it workable.