The Byzantine Empire
The empire was at its largest extend during the reign of Justinian; he expanded the empire.
How it was Created:
When the Roman Empire fell it was divided into two the western and eastern half. The eastern half became the Byzantine Empire.
How the Byzantine Empire Compared with the Roman Empire:
- Capital: The Roman Empire's capital was Rome and the capital for the Byzantine Empire was Constantinople.
- Religion: The religion for the Roman Empire was Roman Catholic while the religion for the Byzantine Empire was Eastern (Greek) Orthodox (Christian).
- Language: The Roman Empire's language was Latin and the language for the Byzantine Empire was Greek.
- Other Information: The Roman Empire is the the western half of the old Roman Empire and fell into the "Dark Ages." The Byzantine Empire was the eastern half of the old Roman Empire and it grew strong and lasted thousands of years.
Impact on Russia:
- Religion: Eastern Orthodox spread to Russia (known as Russian Orthodox)
- Trade: Many Byzantine ideas (cyrillic alphabet, religion, art work(mosaics), architecture) were introduced into Russian through trade.
Contributions to Our Society:
Justinian's Code: Justinian, the empire's greatest emperor, unified the many and various Roman laws; known as Justinian's code. The laws of the Byzantine Empire based on the "Twelve Tables" of Roman law, became a basis for laws in many European nations. Laws from Justinian's Code are stilled used today in American laws. For example, all women can own property, make contacts and wills, and bring a lawsuit.
Art and Architecture: Usually supported the Christian Church.
Preservers of Greek and Roman Culture: The Byzantine Empire saved knowledge, art, and ideas of the old Roman and Greek culture.
Reasons Why the Empire Lasted so Long:
- Organized Government
- Did not get to be to big
- Minded their own business