Karl Max


Best Known For:

  • Major figure in the founding of sociology
  • Socio-political theory of Marxism
  • The Communist Manifesto


Karl Marx was born May 5, 1818.  born in Trier, Prussia


He died of cancer on March 14, 1883

Early Life

Karl Heinrich Marx was one of nine children born to Heinrich and Henrietta Marx in Trier, Prussia. His father was a successful lawyer who revered Kant and Voltaire, and was a passionate activist for Prussian reform. Although both parents were Jewish with rabbinical ancestry, Karl’s father converted to Christianity in 1816 at the age of 35.

This was likely a professional concession in response to an 1815 law banning Jews from high society. He was baptized a Lutheran, rather than a Catholic, which was the predominant faith in Trier, because he “equated Protestantism with intellectual freedom.” When he was 6, Karl was baptized along with the other children, but his mother waited until 1825, after her father died.  

Marx did not settle down. He received his doctorate from the University of Jena in 1841, but his radical politics prevented him from procuring a teaching position. He began to work as a journalist, and in 1842, he became the editor of Rheinische Zeitung, a liberal newspaper in Cologne. Just one year later, the government ordered the newspaper’s suppression, effective April 1, 1843. Marx resigned on March 18th. Three months later, in June, he finally married Jenny von Westphalen, and in October, they moved to Paris.

communist manifesto

I: Bourgeois and Proletarians
II: Proletarians and Communists
III: Socialist and Communist Literature
IV: Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties

Http://www.biography.com/people/karl-marx-9401219#early-life." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.

Bio.comhttp://www.biography.com/people/karl-marx-9401219#education. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.

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