Southeast Asia

Pagan Kingdom 840's-1200's

The Pagan Kingdom was a monarchy that adopted traits of Indian culture like Hinduism, Buddhism, Sanskrit, government, science, art, and even names for children. Their culture had a lasting influence on religion and society.

This is a statue of Anawrahta, the first great king of the Pagan kingdom. He conquered surrounding areas and united much of what is now Myanmar under his rule. He provided the kingdom with many major trade ports.

Khmer Empire 850-1220

The Khmer were an empire with a lot of Indian influence. They adopted both Hindu and Buddhist beliefs and made great advancements in irrigation techniques as well as in building observatories. Their rulers were also thought to be gods.

Angkor Wat is a giant Hindu temple that was built in the 1100's and still stands today.


Vietnam is also represented in the map of the Khmer Empire. China had a major influence on Vietnam. Its Bureaucracy was based on China's as well as its Confucian-based civil system.

Buddhist architecture flourished in Vietnam during this time period.

This article outlines the lives of the Trung Sisters and their lasting impacts on Vietnamese society.

Srivijaya 600-1200 (A Trading Kingdom)
Sailendra 750-850 (A Trading Kingdom)

The trading kingdoms were two main kingdoms (Srivijaya and Sailendra) that were able to flourish by controlling trade throughout their empires. Sailendra adopted Mahayana Buddhism and also had a good amount of agriculture to depend on. Srivijaya adopted both Buddhism and Hinduism, which ended up blending with their local cultures.

This video goes into a lot of detail about the Borobedur and why it looks the way it does.