-The 8th amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment.
-No excessive bail.
It was originally intended to outlaw certain methods of punishment such as torture, burning at the stake, even crucifixion. As of 1970 the death penalty is not considered a cruel and unusual punishment. The 8th amendment refers to not only physical punishment but also to unsanitary cells, overcrowding, and insufficient medical care. It originated in 1689 and was Adopted by the Bill of Rights in 1791. The 8th amendment was inspired after King James the 2nd was being tried for multiple acts of perjury.
There are many debates on what can and cannot be considered cruel and unusual. Many punishments are in between where they may seem unusual but not cruel. There are many debates also on who should get the death penalty whether it should just be a rapist or a murderer.
It changed American history because before the amendment was passed any parts of the courts were allowed to torture people who committed crimes no matter the severity of the crime. They found it unfair that if someone committed a small crime to get hanged or some other form of cruel punishment.
A court case between Ingraham vs. Wright in a Florida public school with one student who was beat with a wooden paddle causing hematoma. While another student was not allowed to use him arm for a week. This was not found to violate the 8th Amendment because the framers were concerned more with criminal punishments not school based punishments.
I would keep the amendment the same because it has worked so far with preventing cruel and unusual punishment. I do think the death penalty should not be not because of the cruelty of it but because dying is an escape I think people should be able to live to think about the crime they did.