Fabric Production

Lydia Vandemark

Weaving

There are many different ways to weave to create different styles and patterns.Plain weave is the simplest weave in which the weft yarn is passed over then under each warp of yarn. Twill weave is a weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarns beginning one warp yarn back on each new row. Satin weave is weave that produces a smooth, shiny surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create long floats. There are other types of weaving.

knitting

Knitting is constructing fabric by looping yarns together. There is weft knits which is knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops. Warp knits is knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction.

other ways to
construct fabric

Nonwoven: Fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals, friction, or pressure. Examples- quilt batting, garment interfacing, felt, & artifical suede

Laces & Nets: Made by knotting, twisting, or looping yarns. Example- lace

Braided Fabrics: Created by interlacing three or more yarns to form a regular diagonal pattern down the length of the resulting cord. Examples- decorative trims & shoelaces

Bonded Fabric: Made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination. Examples- two layers of fabric bonded so that one serves as a self-lining as in skiwear or winter coats