Monarch Rainbow Butterflies

By: Quanesha Williams

What is Taxonomy?

Taxonomy is the classifying of organisms. There are 7 taxonomy levels. All of these levels are called Taxon and theses levels are Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Genus, and also Species.

Each organism is named by a 2-part system: The genus and species.

Taxonomic Levels of a Monarch Rainbow Butterfly

Kingdom: Animalia- "These organisms are multicellular and eukaryotic. Most animals are motile, meaning they can move spontaneously and independently. These organisms eat other organisms for survival making them heterotrophic." -Wikipedia

Phylum: Arthropoda- "Is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton , a segmented body, and jointed appendages."- Wikipedia

Class: Insecta- "are a class of invertebrates within the arthropod phylum that have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae."- Wikipedia

Order: Lepidoptera- "are a large order of insects that includes months and butterflies both called (lepidopterans) ."- Wikipedia

Family: Nymphalidae-  "are the largest family of butterflies with about 6,000 species distributed throughout most of the world. The size of theses butterflies is like medium-size butterflies."-Wikipedia

Genus: danaus- "commonly called tigers, milkweeds, monarchs and queens, is a genus of butterflies in the tiger butterfly tribe. They are found worldwide"- Wikipedia

Species:D. Plexippus- They migrate to the south, There wings are easily recognizable, and they are those most North American butterfly.

Where is the monarch butterfly found?

1.) "Hundreds of millions of monarch butterflies migrate from eastern North America to Mexico each fall to overwinter in the high elevation oyamel fir forests of the Transvolcanic Range of central Mexico. Monarchs are unable to survive freezing temperatures and those breeding in temperate regions must escape to moderate climates to reproduce the next season."

2.) "Most of the monarchs joining the migration each fall are 3-4 generations removed from those that made the journey the previous year."

3.) "The migration begins in mid August in the north and in September at mid latitudes. The migration progresses at a pace of 25-30 miles per day, although individual butterflies often fly further during periods when conditions are favorable. Most monarchs originate from locations more than 1500 linear miles from the overwintering sites. The duration of the migration appears to be 2-2.5 months."

4.) "Migratory monarchs that survive the winter in Mexico are 8-9 months of age and may be the longest lived of all butterflies. In contrast, reproductive monarchs breeding during the summer months only live 2-5 weeks due to the high cost of reproduction."

5.) "Monarch populations are measured as the number of hectares (1 hectare = 2.47 acres) of trees occupied by clustering butterflies in mid-December of each year. The size of the population has varied from 2.19 to 18.2 hectares over the last two decades; averaging close to 9 hectares in the 90s and between 5-6 hectares in this decade."

6.) "Migrating monarchs in the interior of the continent fly in directions that seem to be geographically appropriate given the need to reach Mexico. How the butterfly determines these directions is the unanswered navigation question. Components of the navigational system that are known involve a time-compensated sun compass linked to the circadian clock, and a protein (Cry1) that is sensitive to blue light and ultraviolet wavelengths."

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