1) G dominant, g recessive
2) 3 Green, 1 yellow
5) Because offspring created through sexual reproduction have genes from two parents, while asexual reproduction has only one parent, resulting in an almost genetcally identical offspring.
6) Adaptation- The alteration or adjustment in structure or habits, often occurring through naturalselection, by which a species or individual becomes better able to function in itsenvironment.
7) Evolution- The change over time in this genetic variation. The frequency of one particular allele will become more or less prevalent relative to other forms of that gene.
8) Species- A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
9) Gene- A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
10) Genetic- Of or relating to genes or heredity.
11) Sexual reproduction- The production of new living organisms by combining genetic information from two individuals of different types
12) Asexual Reproduction- Asexual Reproduction is a mode of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only; it is reproduction which almost never involves ploidy or reduction.
If a disease affects a specific genotype, and all of one species has that same genotype, they all die. However, if the species has genetic variation, only some of the population dies, leaving some left to revive the population.