The conflicts between Arabs and Israel

Raz, Kelly, Jay

Under Nasser's Leadership

- Although all Arabs had common traits, it was impossible to stop alliances and divisions

- But with Nasser's guidance, the Arabs were united to push out the Jewish people

Pan Arab

- Was the ideology that all Arab countries from North Africa and West Asia should become unified

Cold War

- During the Cold War the Jewish people, Egypt and some other Arab countries allied with the United States

- The other Arab countries allied with the Soviet Union which caused the split of the Arabs and made Pan Arab fail.

Anwar Sadat

- He became the Egyptian president after Nasser

- He wanted a peace treaty after the long conflict

- The peace treaty was signed in 1980

- This influenced upset radicals and he was assassinated in 1981

Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

- Was to regain the Palestine territory, and for it to be self governed, where Israel was placed

- They worked together to isolate Egypt

- The Israeli prime minister (Yitzhak Rabin) signed a peace treaty which gave the PLO a self governed territory under Israel's control

Iran Iraq War

-  The Israeli Revolution took place in 1979

- The revolution was anti-U.S.

- Islamic influences punished  Shah Mohammad Reza because he was pro U.S.

- The Shi'ite Muslims despised Shah's government

- The United States supplied Shah's with a military, financial industry and much more

- This was mainly because Iran had a lot of oil that the United States wanted

- Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq, saw he could take advantage of the chaos that was occurring in Iran at the time so  he sent an attack in 1980 hoping that he would become the new leader of Pan Arab

- Hussein lost the war, causing him to attack Kuwait in 1990, which sparked the Gulf War

- The defeat of Iraq caused the division, and put South Asia/ Arab-Muslim nations against each other

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