Multiple Personality Disorder
Multiple personality disorder is defined as a rare dissociative disorder in which two or more personalities with distinct memories and behavior patterns apparently exist in one individual. In the U.S. .01%-1% of the general public has Multiple personality disorder (DID). DID is diagnosed through the following steps:
- Two or more distinct identities or personality states are present, each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self.
- Amnesia must occur, defined as gaps in the recall of everyday events, important personal information, and/or traumatic events.
- The person must be distressed by the disorder or have trouble functioning in one or more major life areas because of the disorder.
- The disturbance is not part of normal cultural or religious practices.
- The symptoms can not be due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (such as blackouts or chaotic behavior during alcohol intoxication) or a general medical condition (such as complex partial seizures).
There's no "cure" for DID, long-term treatment can be helpful, if the patient stays committed. Effective treatment includes talk therapy or psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, and adjunctive therapies such as art or movement therapy. There is no medicine for DID.
For more information on this subject go to your doctor or medical websites.
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