Information was hard to come by. Just saying...
During the beginning of the Columbian Exchange, the trading of meat involved Europe and the Americas.
Meat, more specifically in the form of cows, was traded as livestock for other regions to grow and breed their own supply of meat. South America also traded dried meat with Europe after it had been able to maintain a healthy population of cattle.
The trading of meat has been around for a while, thanks to trade routes. During the 1750-1900 time period, the trading of meat became a global production.
Europe gave the Americas their first domesticated livestock (not including llamas), and the Americas gave Europe some dried meat back.
The Americas did not have any large, domesticated animals to depend on for food, unless you count llamas. Settlers needed this handy supply of protein to maintain their health and build up populations. For this reason, cows and other animals were shipped in to provide the colonists with easy access to meat. Also, in the agricultural revolution, new food crops from the Americas produced more food per acre and allowed farmers to raise more cattle for meat and milk.