According to Mayo Clinic, pneumonia is an infection that inflames air sacs in one or both lungs, which may fill with fluid. Patients with this disease often show symptoms that include: severe coughing, sharp chest pains, breathing difficulties, fever, chills, sweating, fatigue, and dehydration. Antibiotics are a common cure for pneumonia. People can be infected by either bacterial infection or viral infection.
Since pneumonia can be a virus, virus cannot obtain energy on their own. Viruses have to enter a living cell and rely on the cell's energy. It can also be a bacteria and obtain its food from other cells or produce its own.
Means of Reproduction
Pneumonia can be caused by a virus or bacteria. Bacteria find a corner of the body to hide in while they steal nutrients to feed themselves. Viruses invade your cells and hijack the cell's proteins to reproduce themselves.
Adapting To Environmental Changes
A virus can adapt fairly well to varying temperatures. A virus is typically able to adapt better than mammals. A bacterial infection, however, can be even more adaptable to environmental changes as they are able to anticipate and prepare for them.
Its Effect On The Environment
Pneumonia is an airborne disease and can infect individuals who breathe in infected air. The disease is highly contagious as there are around 3 million U.S cases of pneumonia every year.
Harming The Ecosystem
A person who is infected by pneumonia can infect a certain area that the person is in easily as one of the symptoms is a cough. A cough can contain a mass amount of the virus/bacteria is how the virus/bacteria can spread easily and find a new host.
Species: S. pneumoniae