The Native American Time Periods

The Paleo Time Period

This was the first time period, during which the Paleo people lived.  These people were nomadic, this means they did not have permanent shelters.  The Native Americans did not travel in large packs, they roamed around in small groups.  These groups contained approximately 25 people.  That is enough people to take down large animals, but small enough to travel quickly.  Animals such as mammoths were these people's primary source of food.  The weapons available were very primitive and required the person to get very close to the potential victim.  In all, the Paleo period was the least advanced and followed their food everywhere.

The Archaic Time Period

During this time period the tools become more advanced.  With the Archaic period came the invention of the atlatl.  The atlatl is an advanced form of a spear.  This weapon greatly increased the people's range.  Semi-permanent houses were just appearing during this time period.  The people slowly started to stop following herds of animals.  They were now able to hunt smaller animals, not large ones.  They slowly became more and more advanced, until the Woodland period began.

The Woodland Time Period

Begging in the Woodland time period, permanent houses were constructed.  These houses were made of brush and branches.  The bow and arrow was also invented in this period.  Small animals became much easier to hunt because the bow could be used from longer distances.  The Native Americans also began gathering food.  Berries and nuts were just some of the gathered foods.  The previously small groups slowly formed into slightly bigger groups.  The people in this time period were very advanced, but not as much so as the Mississippian Native Americans.

The Mississippian Time Period

During the Mississippian time period small tribes combined to form massive villages.  These villages housed over a thousand people that all lived together.  Permanent houses were no longer a concern due to the discovery of agriculture.  The villages contained numerous, massive crop fields.  The hunting of animals was not essential but did not diminish.  The houses became large mounds that were used in many ways.  The mounds provided more protection than the previous small wooden dwellings.  In the end the Mississippian Native Americans were the most advanced.

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