Type 2 Diabetes

By: Dilraj Kaler
The following information about Type 2 Diabetes is about what it is, nutrients responsible, who it affects, how to prevent it and where and why it even exist.

Description and Symptoms

Type 2 Diabetes is when the body does not use the insulin the body is producing. Insulin is important because it controls the amount of glucose that goes into the body's blood.  The result of that is the sugar (also known as glucose) builds up in the person's blood instead of being used for energy. (The Gale Encyclopedia of Science 2006.)  

Symptoms:                                                                                                                                                 -Increased thirst                                                             -Blurred vision                                              -Need to urinate more often                                         -Frequent bladder infections                 

Symptoms

However people may not experience any symptoms of diabetes for years. (MedlinePlus 2013.)

Who Is Likely To Get It?

-People over 40 years                                           -Overweight                                                             -High cholesterol                                                   -Family members in past had it                        -High blood pressure                                         -Has given birth to a baby more than 4 kg

Type 2 Diabetes mostly occurred in adults but today, it is also becoming more common in younger adults and children. (Body&Health 2011.)

Which one is more tempting to eat?

Nutrients Responsible

The two nutrients responsible for type 2 diabetes are high carbohydrates and high fat. Carbohydrates are used by the body to make glucose and when insulin is not being used glucose goes into the blood. When you eat too much fat the fat won't go anywhere and just sit somewhere in your body and if it sits in your stomach it releases chemicals that will upset the cardiovascular system. Your body needs these nutrients but have a negative effect if you take in too much of them.

Too Much Of Carbohydrates And Fat Symptoms

Fat: -Obesity                                                                        -High cholesterol                                               -Diabetes                                                                      -Hard time running                                           -Tired most of the time

Carbohydrates: - Obesity                                             - Insulin resistance can develop                                              -Too much sugar in blood               - Some weight gain                                                            

Treatment For Type 2 Diabetes

To live a healthy life with diabetes the important thing is to maintain the blood's sugar level in a healthy range. The four components in treating type 2 diabetes are exercise, diet, medicines and blood sugar monitoring. (Canadian Diabetes Association 2014.)  

Diet and exercise is important because at least 80% of people with this illness are obese. Therefore it is important for a healthy diet and exercise to be a healthy weight. To maintain sugar level at a healthy range medication is prescribed by doctors. The blood sugar monitor is mostly with every diabetic person to check on their sugar level. Sometimes all this won't help, so the doctor might suggest the person to take insulin injections. (CHealth 2014.)

The success of treating type 2 diabetes is good because this treatment can help people living with type 2 diabetes live a long, and healthy life.      

Prevent Diabetes

Foods To Eat

Eating healthy from the start can help to prevent many other problems in the future. Eating right can also help to prevent diabetes and making the right diet choices now can help you to lead a more healthy life.

Eat Whole Grain foods: wholegrain pasta, breads, cereals                                                          Eat good Fiber foods: fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts, seeds (Best Health 2014.)

Foods To Avoid

The foods to try avoiding are mainly fat and full of sugar foods. Fat can lead to obesity which can lead to type 2 diabetes. Sugar can get high in your blood and also lead to type 2 diabetes.

Some examples of foods that you shouldn't be eating too much of are: donuts, cake, cheesy foods, french fries, chips and many more good delicious junk food but not good when it can harm you in the future.

Junk Food

Dietary Reference Intakes

Fat Males age 9-18: 25-35%     age 19-70: 20-35%                                                                                          Females age 9-70: 20-35%                                                                         

Carbohydrates Males age 9-70: 45-65%                                                                                                                          Females age 9-70: 45-65%  (National Agricultural Library 2014)

Type 2 Diabetes Today

Today, type 2 diabetes is still well around and most people know about type 2 diabetes. One main country that still has lots of population that has type 2 diabetes is USA. Type 2 diabetes compared to previous periods of time is still big due to the number of people obese and that don't pay attention to what they eat. Diabetes exist everywhere around the world, but in some countries it is more and governments are also trying to reduce the number of people getting it by putting up websites on how to prevent it, educating people on what they should eat and that they should exercise.   

References

Body&Health. (n.d.). - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis. Retrieved April 10, 2014, from http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=214&channel_id=1055&relation

Diseases and Conditions. (n.d.). Diabetes prevention: 5 tips for taking control. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-prevention/art-20047639

DRI Tables. (2014, April 15). National Agricultural Library. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from https://fnic.nal.usda.gov/dietary-guidance/dietary-reference-intakes/dri-tables

High-Fat, High-Protein Diets Linked to Type 2 Diabetes. (n.d.). PCRM.org. Retrieved April 10, 2014, from http://www.pcrm.org/health/medNews/high-fat-high-protein-diets-type-2-diabetes

Living with Type 2 Diabetes. (n.d.).Canadian Diabetes Association. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://www.diabetes.ca/diabetes-and-you/living-with-type-2-diabetes

Treatment of type 2 diabetes. (n.d.). C-Health. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://chealth.canoe.ca/channel_section_details.asp?text_id=5064&channel_id=143&relation_id=

Type 2 Diabetes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). U.S National Library of Medicine. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000313.htm

(2004). Type 2 Diabetes. In The Gale Encyclopedia Of Science (Vol. 6, pp. 1214-1216). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=peel_dsb&tabID=T003&searchId=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm¤tPosition=1&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3418

5 ways to prevent type 2 diabetes | Diabetes | Get Healthy | Best Health. (n.d.). BestHealth. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://www.besthealthmag.ca/get-healthy/diabetes/5-ways-to-prevent-type-2-diabetes

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