Summaries of The Holocaust

What is Antisemitism?

THE HOLOCAUST: The state-sponsored, systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborators, between 1933 and 1945.

During the time between 1933 and 1945, the worst case of Antisemitism, a term meaning prejudice against Jews, happened. Antisemitic political parties and the xenophobic "voelkisch movement" were being created to harm or make fun of Jews. During this time of Nazi power and Antisemitism, economic boycotts, and enacted discriminatory anti-Jew legislation. They also would destroyed synagogues and the shop windows of Jewish-owned stores throughout Germany and Austria. All of these events, mark the beginning of genocide becoming the main focus of Antisemitism.

Concentration Camps

During the Holocaust, about 20,000 camps were created by Nazi Germany. These camps were created for multiple reasons. They built forced-labor camps where they tortured and worked prisoners to the point that they died from exhaustion, starvation, and exposure. They also built killing centers that were designed for mass murder. Although these were the two most common camps, they were not the only types made. Millions of people were imprisoned, abused, and killed in the various types of Nazi camps, making the Holocaust the largest case of genocide in history.

The United States of America's Involvement

In the beginning during World War II, rescuing Jews was not on the USA's list of priorities. Despite the ongoing killings of Jews in Germany, the State Department's attitude of not letting refugees get entry visas was influenced by the economic hardships of the Depression, which intensified antisemitism, isolationism, and xenophobia. Although they were not easy on the Jews get entry visas, they had been reporting about the German's abuse towards the Jews since 1933. They made sure that people new what was happening, although sometimes the way they informed people was very insensitive. By reporting and working with the British to help the refugees, they were able to be active allies for the Jews.

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