Salvador Dali


Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904 in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain. Salvador Dali was influenced by Classical and Renaissance artists. He was influenced by his dreams and fellow painter Pablo Picasso. In 1923 Dali attended the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid. There he studied painting but was expelled and then readmitted in the spring of 1926. Dali was successful at many forms of art such as painting, drawing, sculpture, printmaking, fashion, advertising, writing, filmmaking, and even furniture making. He is famous for his influence on the surrealist movement during World War II. He influenced the movement in France, Europe, Spain and eventually the United States. Some of the context of his art was based on dreams, actual scenery in places like his hometown, and what was happening in WWII. He was known for his very unique, revolutionary, and bizarre creations. He made people rethink what they should view as art because much of his work was of surrealism, or a from of art that is inspired by dreams and subconscious thought. Surrealism is usually involves seemingly unrelated objects pulled together in one form that is almost dream like and unreal. Dali used a lot of symbolism and personal subconscious thought in his artwork. Salvador Dali used many forms of medium because of all the different forms of art he made. As an artist he mostly used oil paints with big and bold strokes. One example of a child centered experience which engages them to try painting surrealism to ask students to close their eyes and try to remember a dream or think of some random thoughts. I would then ask them to draw what they imagined or dreamed of which they would like to paint. Next I would encourage the children to use big and bold brush strokes with vibrant colors to build their artwork. For children who struggle with getting imaginative I would suggest they think of random objects and try to make them mean something. One more activity I would try to more specific with, I would ask the children include both features of the night sky and mix the scene with features of the day sky and scenery. Dali often used double imagery in his artwork where one image or object reflected off of a surface of water or mirror and presented itself as another object to the viewer. He also created scenes which appeared as a collection of objects and scenes and the artwork as a whole appeared as a face. For another activity a teacher could ask children to create a work of art created by random objects which when viewed as a whole appeared as a face to the audience. Children should be encouraged that symbolism can be used to show their audience something that is personal and meaningful to them which can be expressed through their art without words. A final example of an experience children can use to practice surrealism in located in a youtube video at the bottom of this Tackk.

Water Reflecting Elephants (1937)

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