The history of television

      Question:

1.) Describe Western Union's dominance of the telegraph industry during the years 1866-1900......

2.) William Gilbert (1600)

3.) Benjamin Franklin (1752)

4.) Joseph Henry (1831)

5.) Samuel F. B. Morse (1831)

6.) Nathan B. Stubblefeild (1892)

7.) Heinrich Rudolph Hertz (1877)

8.) Thomas Alva Edison (1885)

9.) Guglielo Marconi (1894)

10.)Alexander G. Bell (1900)

       My answer:

1.) In 1866-1900 prices came down and usage went up. Since then (1866) transmission rates have fallen from $1.09 to $0.30 per message. 30-40 cents of every dollar of revenue were net profit for the company. Western Union was the first nation wide industrial monopoly. Western Union faced three threats during this period: increased government regulation, new entrants into the field of telegraphy, and new competition from the telephone. The last two were the most important to the company’s future profitability.

2.) He (William Gilbert) found that static electricity is produced by rubbing amber.

3.) He (Benjamin Franklin) proved that lightning flash has the same nature as static electricity.

4.) He (Joseph Henry) used electromagnets to send  messages through a wire.

5.) He (Samuel F.B. Morse) developed a telegraph system utilizing a key to open an electric circut.

6.) He (Nathan B. Stubblefeild) developed a wireless telephone.

7.) He (Heinrich Rudolph Hertz) made transition by radiation.

8.) He (Thomas Alva Edison) took out a patent  for wireless telegraphy through discontinuous radio waves.

9.) He (Guglielo Marconi) Used discontinuous waves to send messages.

10.) He (Alexander G. Bell) expiramented with transmitting sounds with rays of light. " photophone".

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