Social Effects of the Industrial Revolution


When urbanization happened in Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution, over 50% of the population lived in cities. This amount of people in the city caused a huge increase in pollution. The sad state of the citys' sanitation led to periodic epidemics of cholera, typhus, dysentery, and tuberculosis.

Living Conditions

While most people lived near their jobs, the wealthy lived on the outskirts of the city. The amount of people in the city caused there to be crowding and it was very dirty. The overcrowding caused there to be a statistic of 6 people to one bed. Also, there was no proper waste disposal system so this caused the water to be polluted. the city was also covered in grime from the smoke stacks of the factories.

Working Conditions

There was a constant need for labor, so the factories went non-stop. The workers could get fined or fired for coming into work intoxicated. Also, you could become homeless if you didn't have a job.

Child Labor

Children usually did maintenance tasks like crawl into small spaces adults could not reach. The harsh, dirty working conditions had negative effects on the childrens' health. Children in the city were heavily employed. In 1798, Richard Arkwright's spinning factory employed 1,150 workers, 2/3 of them were children.

Two children work a machine in a textile factory

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