Civil Rights Project
By Mia Erck
Brown VS Board of Education
a. In 1954, the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
b. Everyone going to public schools was involved
c. It was significant because it separated the black students from the whites and made segregation worse.
Boycott of Segregated Bus System
a. In 1954-1956 African-Americans refused to ride city buses. In 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man.
b. Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, and a white man were involved.
c. It was significant because this was the first situation where a black woman went against her rights.
Integration of Central High School
a. In 1957, nine black students enrolled into an all white high school in Little Rock, Arkansas.
b. Nine black students requesting to enroll in an all white school were involved.
c. It is significant because this situation has never happened before. Blacks are refusing to be treated like less than whites.
Integration of the University of Mississippi
a. In 1962, after a legal battle, James Meredith, an African-American man, attempted to enroll at the University of Mississippi.
b. James Meredith and the citizens who reacted to the situation were involved.
c. It is significant because this event caused chaos to break out and ended with 2 dead and hundreds wounded.
Black students and Civil Rights Workers Sit in White Section of Bus Station
a. In 1961, civil rights activists rode interstate buses into the segregated southern states which ruled that segregated public buses were unconstitutional.
b. Civil rights activists and black students who rode the buses were involved.
c. It is significant because this event caused segregated public buses to become unconstitutional.
First Lunch Counter Sit In
a. In 1960, 4 African-American college students sat down at a lunch counter and politely asked for service. their request was denied just because of their race.
b. Four African-American college students and the workers that denied them service were involved.
c. It is significant because it shows that just because of the students skin color, they can not get service at the lunch counter. It shows that African-Americans were treated like less than whites.
March on Washington "I Have A Dream" Speech
a. In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. presented a speech in front of more than 250,000 people. He stated that he had a vision where race wasn't an issue to society.
b. Martin Luther King and everyone listening to the speech was involved.
c. It was significant because it changed the way people thought about segregation and made them realize that race shouldn't affect the way someone is treated.
Murder of NAACP Leader Medgar Evers
a. On the morning of June 12th, 1963, Evers pulled into his driveway after returning from a meeting with NAACP lawyers. After getting out of his car, Evers got struck by a bullet shot by Byron De La Beckwith, in his back, ripping through his heart.
b. Medgar Evers and Byron De La Beckwith were involved.
c. This event is significant because it killed Medgar Evers and he was an important NAACP leader.
a. In 1963, a movement was organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to bring attention to the integration efforts of African-Americans. Members of the Klu Klux Klan planted fifteen sticks of dynamite beneath the front steps of a church, killing 4 girls.
b. Martin Luther King Jr, the members of the KKK, and the girls killed were involved.
c. It was significant because the girls were innocent and were killed, bringing attention to integration.
Murder of 3 civil rights workers
a. In 1964, three civil rights workers were murdered by members of the Klu Klux Klan while working on the "Freedom Summer" campaign.
b. James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner were the 3 individuals that were murdered by members of the Klu Klux Klan.
c. It was significant because the Klu Klux Klan strikes again and kills more civil rights workers.
a. In 1964, there was a movement that was part of the wider African-American Civil Rights Movement.
b. Martin Luther King Jr and other civil rights workers were involved.
c. It was significant because it supported the small local movement to end racial discrimination.
March for Voting Rights to Montgomery
a. On March 25th, 1965, Martin Luther King Jr led thousands of nonviolent demonstrators to Montgomery, Alabama after a 5 day, 54 mile march from Selma, Alabama.
b. Martin Luther King Jr and thousands of people marching with him.
c. It was significant because all these people marched at once for their voting rights as African-Americans.
Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
a. On April 4th, 1968, Martin Luther King Jr was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis. He was 39 years old. He was rushed to the hospital, but confirmed dead at 7:05 pm that evening.
b. Martin Luther King and James Earl Ray were involved. James Earl Ray was the man who killed Martin Luther King.
c. It was significant because the world lost an inspirational, important civil rights leader that day.