Properties of Acids and Bases
By: Zachree Terrill, Stephanie Santillan, & Cindy Lam
Properties Acids and Bases Both Have
- Produces salt & water when they react with each other
- Both conduct electricity
- Give off a distinctive color when they come in contact with indicators
Strong Acids and Bases
- Acid: an acid that ionizes 100% in aqueous solution producing many ions.
- Base: a base that completely dissociates in solution, yielding a high concentration of hydroxide (OH-) ions.
Weak Acids and Bases
- Acid: an acid that ionizes less than 100% in dilute aqueous solution. Weaker electrolyte.
- Base: a base that dissociates less than 100% in aqueous solution and is a weaker electrolyte.
Properties of Acids
- Can taste sourness
- When you smell an acid, it will burn your nose and it has a sticky texture.
- Frequently reacts with metals to form hydrogen
- Usually in the form of a gas or liquid.
- Ex. When it comes in contact with a blue litmus paper, the paper turns red.
Properties of Bases
- Can taste bitterness
- Usually have no smell & they have a slippery texture.
- Reacts with many oils & fats
- Most often come in the form of a solid.
- Ex. Turns red litmus paper to blue.
Acids & Bases Quiz
Label if it is an Acid (A) or a Base (B)
- Usually gases or liquids
- Usually no smell
- Sour (vinegar)
- React with many oils and fats
- Frequently burns nose
- Bitter (baking soda)
- Frequently reacts with metals to form H2
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