Properties of Acids and Bases

                                By: Zachree Terrill, Stephanie Santillan, & Cindy Lam

Properties Acids and Bases Both Have

  • Produces salt & water when they react with each other
  • Both conduct electricity
  • Give off a distinctive color when they come in contact with indicators

Strong Acids and Bases

  • Acid: an acid that ionizes 100% in aqueous solution producing many ions.
  • Base: a base that completely dissociates in solution, yielding a high concentration of hydroxide (OH-) ions.

Weak Acids and Bases

  • Acid: an acid that ionizes less than 100% in dilute aqueous solution. Weaker electrolyte.
  • Base: a base that dissociates less than 100% in aqueous solution and is a weaker electrolyte.

Properties of Acids

  • Can taste sourness
  • When you smell an acid, it will burn your nose and it has a sticky texture.
  • Frequently reacts with metals to form hydrogen
  • Usually in the form of a gas or liquid.
  • Ex. When it comes in contact with a blue litmus paper, the paper turns red.

Properties of Bases

  • Can taste bitterness
  • Usually have no smell & they have a slippery texture.
  • Reacts with many oils & fats
  • Most often come in the form of a solid.
  • Ex. Turns red litmus paper to blue.

Acids & Bases Quiz

Label if it is an Acid (A) or a Base (B)

  1. Usually gases or liquids
  2. Sticky
  3. Usually no smell
  4. Sour (vinegar)
  5. Slippery
  6. React with many oils and fats
  7. Frequently burns nose
  8. Bitter (baking soda)
  9. Solids
  10. Frequently reacts with metals to form H2

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