The causes of the American Revolution
1763-French and Indian war
In the early 1750, France's expansion into the Ohio River Valley brought the country into armed conflict with the British. In 1756, the British officially declared war against France. At the beginning of the war the British suffered from many defeats by the French and there alliances with the native Americans.The British usually fought in a straight line while the Indians hid behind trees and in the forest. In 1763 the Treaty of Paris ends the war between Britain and France. Signed by Benjamin Franklin,John Adams, and John Jay, the Treaty of Paris stated that Britain recognized the 13 colonies to be free and independent and that Britain let go of the colonies land and government. It also stated that the boundaries of the United States allowed for western expansion.
Proclamation of 1763
The proclamation of 1763 by king George was after the French and Indian war and it was a line drawn across the Appalachian and didn't allow settlers past it. All settlers west of the Appalachian had to move east. It was supposed to bring peace between the colonist and the Indians.
on April 5th,1764 Parliament passed the sugar act. It was a tax on sugar and molasses, used for rum. The goal was raising 100,000 pounds, an amount equal to one-fifth of the military expenses in North America.
The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament on March 22, 1765. It was a tax on all paper products. The money was needed to help pay the cost of defending and protecting the American frontier. Colonists felt it was a direct attempt by England to raise money in the colonies without the approval of the colonial legislature.
Townshend Acts put a tax on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies. Parliament eventually got rid of the taxes except on tea. In response the American Colonists sometimes violent protests so Britain sent more troops to the colonies.
The Boston Massacre was a street fight between a patriot mob and British soldiers. The patriots were angry at the British troops sent to Boston keep order and to enforce the Townshed acts. Then on March 5, 1770, British troops fired into the rioting crowd and killed five men.Thomas Preston, the British captian, and his men were tried for murder.John Adams and Josiah Quincy as lawyers for the defense.
The East India Company had been facing bankruptcy and being an important factor in the British empire, they decided to help them out by establishing the Tea Act. The Tea Act stated that American colonists couldn't buy tea unless it came from the East Indian Company. Although they dropped the prices of the East India Company tea, colonists thought "no taxation without representation" because it meant that they couldn't buy tea from anyone else.
December 16, 1773 a group led by Samuel Adams called the Liberty Boys disguised themselves as American Indians and went on the 3 ships that had the East Indian Company tea on it and dumped the tea into the harbor. As a result of the Boston Tea Party, the British shut down Boston Harbor until all of the 340 chests of British East India Company tea were paid for.
December,1773-Boston Tea Party
The Coercive Acts ("Intolerable Acts") was the response to the Boston Tea Party.The law stated that a royal governor of a colony could move trials to other colonies, all the tea from the Boston Tea Party had to be paid off, and you had to quarter royal troops if they didn't have a place to stay.
April 19, 1775, The British Army was in search of rebel leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock in Lexington. The British army was going to destroy the Americans store of weapons and ammunition in Concord also. The colonists were warned by rider Paul Revere that the British were coming so John Hancock and Samuel Adams were able to escape.When the British in Lexington arrived, there were only around 80 American militiamen in the town. When the British heard the "shot heard around the world" the British attacked. After Lexington, the British marched to the city of Concord in search of militia's hidden stash of weapons and munitions. The Americans Waited from the other side of the north Bridge and watched the British. Then the Americans went back into Concord and defeated the British troops at the North Bridge. During the British retreat to Boston, the Americans continued to attack the British.
1775-Lexington and Concord
1775-GA attends 2nd Continental Congress
On July 4th 1776, the congress adopted the Declaration of Independence. Written by Thomas Jefferson, it states the reasons North American British colonies should be free. Jefferson wrote that people have the right to live, the right to be free, and the right to seek happiness.6. The Declaration is still important because it says the American people believe in equal rights for all.
May 10, Continental Congress met again. This time Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, and Thomas Jefferson came up with the Declaration of Independence. They also made the Continental army to defend the colonies. congress also voted to start printing money.
1776 (July 4th)-Declaration of Independence Adopted
Samantha Bartholomew, Josh Lee