Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a European country on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern europe.
The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo. Sarajevo is a city sitting right on the Milijacka River. It is surrounded by the Dinaric alps. This area has a long history of local wars and was the place that ignited world war 1.
Longitude and Latitude
44.0000° N, 18.0000° E
Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The area has a warm and sunny climate and a long summer. The water usually stays from 55 degrees in the peak of winter can reach 90 degrees in the heart of summer. Bosnia and Herzegovina have a lot of mountains and water.The Sava River, the longest river in the country, travels 589 miles.This is the river that forms a border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Bosna River 152 miles begins near Sarajevo and flows northward to the Sava River. The Drina River 215 miles forms most of the border between Serbia and Montenegro. About two-thirds of Bosnia and Herzegovina is mountainous. There are sixty-four mountains in this country, with some of the peaks exceeding 4,922 feet above sea level. Mount Maglic, 7,828 feet, is the highest peak in the country. Nearby are the country's second and third highest mountains: Volujak— 7,664 feet and Velika Ljubušnja— 7,343 feet. The Dinaric Alps is made of ridges that lie parallel to the coast. Most of the mountainous areas are beech forests. Mount Maglic lies within the Sutjeska National Park, the country's oldest national park, which also contains the old-growth Perucica forest. Bosnia and Herzegovina is about half the size of Kentucky.The total area of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 19,741 square miles. Most of the country has hot summers and cold winters. Areas of the high elevation have shorter, cool summers and long, severe winters. The areas closer to the coast have mild, rainy winters. The estimated annual rainfall is about 24.6 inches. The Adriatic coast of Bosnia and Herzegovina is only 12 miles long. There is only one main town, its name: Neum, Its right on the coast. The Adriatic Sea is another part or extension of the Mediterranean Sea. It separates many of the other countries around Bosnia and Herzegovina, Like Italy from Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania.
Population of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 3,835,078 people. The male population is 1,843,295 people and the female population is 1,991,783 people. The amount of deaths this year is 12,436 people and the birth count is 12,563 children. The ratio of men to women is 925 males to l,000 females.
Important Historical dates and events
Note: These are not all of the important events in its history.
August 19, 1189-Bosnia and Herzegovina Is founded
1914 - Gavrilo Princip, assassinates the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. This is the flame that started the wildfire World War I. 1915- Genocide is started on august 24, 1915. This started because Ottoman authorities took 250 Constantinople Armenian intellectuals and community leaders. This would be one of the country's most tragic wars claiming almost 1.5 million lives. 1918 - Bosnia-Herzegovina becomes part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.(a colony founded by the people from the area at the end of WW1.) 1991 - Nationalists win first multi-party elections and form coalition government despite them having conflicting goals: Muslim nationalists want Bosnia to become independant, Serb nationalists want to stay in Belgrade and the Croats want to join the independent Croatian state. 1992- Became seperate from yugoslavia 1998 - Elections show that the national politicians do well. The first Bosnian Muslims and Croats are convicted of war crimes in the Hague. 2002 -A United Kingdom politician named Paddy Ashdown becomes United Nations High Representative.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Cuisine
- The traditional cuisine of the area includes Turkish influences, with a lot of grilled meat. A popular dish Bosanski lonac (meat stew cooked on an open fire). Another popular dish Cevapcici (small sausages made from a lamb and beef mix).
Month, day of the week and Holiday
Jan 1, Thursday, New Year's Day
Jan 6,Tuesday, Orthodox Christmas Eve
Jan 7, Wednesday, Orthodox Christmas Day
Feb 14, Saturday, Valentine's Day
Mar 1, Sunday, Independence Day
Mar 8, Sunday, Mothers' Day
Apr 3, Friday, Good Friday
Apr 6, Monday, Easter Monday
May 1, Friday, Labor Day
May 9, Saturday, Victory Day
Jun 21, Sunday, June Solstice
Jun 21, Sunday, Fathers' Day
Sep 23, Wednesday, September equinox
Sep 24, Thursday, Feast of the Sacrifice
Oct 31, Saturday, Halloween
Nov 1, Sunday, All Saints' Day
Nov 21, Saturday, Dayton Peace Agreement Day
Nov 25, Wednesday, Statehood Day
Dec 22, Tuesday, December Solstice
Dec 25, Friday, Christmas Day
Dec 31, Thursday, New Year's Eve
The government of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Federal Republic, parliamentary system and is republican. Some of the past presidents include: Krešimir Zubak his serving term was from 1994-1997. Vladimir Šoljić he served from march 1997 to december 1997. Ejup Ganić he served from 1997-1999, He also served from 2000-2001. Ivo Andrić-Lužanski he served from 1999-2000 and from January 1, 2001- February 28, 2001. Karlo Filipović he served from 2001-2003. Safet Halilović he served from 2002-2003. Niko Lozančić served from 2003-2007. Borjana Krišto he served from 2007-2011. Živko Budimir served from 2011-2015. Bosnia and Herzegovina's current president is Marinko Čavara.
Imports and Exports
Main Exports: Raw Aluminium, Seats, Leather Footwear,Refined Petroleum, and Sawn Wood
Main Imports: Refined Petroleum, Crude Petroleum, Cars, Packaged Medicaments, and Coal Briquettes
Top Export Destinations: Croatia, Germany, Italy, Austria and Serbia
Top Import Destinations: Croatia, Germany, Serbia, Italy and Russia
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian