Bosnia and Herzegovina

       Bosnia and Herzegovina is a European country on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern europe.

Capital

The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo. Sarajevo is a city sitting right on the Milijacka River. It is surrounded by the Dinaric alps. This area has a long history of local wars and was the place that ignited world war 1.

Longitude and Latitude
44.0000° N, 18.0000° E

Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The area has a warm and sunny climate and a long summer. The water usually stays from 55 degrees in the peak of winter can reach 90 degrees in the heart of summer. Bosnia and Herzegovina have a lot of mountains and water.The Sava River, the longest river in the country, travels 589 miles.This is the river that forms a border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Bosna River 152 miles begins near Sarajevo and flows northward to the Sava River. The Drina River 215 miles forms  most of the border between Serbia and Montenegro. About two-thirds of Bosnia and Herzegovina is mountainous. There are sixty-four mountains in this country, with some of the peaks exceeding 4,922 feet above sea level. Mount Maglic, 7,828 feet, is the highest peak in the country. Nearby are the country's second and third highest mountains: Volujak— 7,664 feet and Velika Ljubušnja— 7,343 feet. The Dinaric Alps is made of ridges that lie parallel to the coast. Most of the mountainous areas are beech forests. Mount Maglic lies within the Sutjeska National Park, the country's oldest national park, which also contains the old-growth Perucica forest. Bosnia and Herzegovina is about half the size of Kentucky.The total area of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 19,741 square miles. Most of the country has hot summers and cold winters. Areas of the high elevation have shorter, cool summers and long, severe winters. The areas closer to the coast have mild, rainy winters. The estimated annual rainfall is about 24.6 inches. The Adriatic coast of Bosnia and Herzegovina is only 12 miles long. There is only one main town, its name: Neum, Its right on the coast. The Adriatic Sea is another part or extension of the Mediterranean Sea. It separates many of the other countries around Bosnia and Herzegovina, Like Italy from Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania.

Population of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 3,835,078 people.  The male population is 1,843,295 people and the female population is 1,991,783 people. The amount of deaths this year is 12,436 people and the birth count is 12,563 children. The ratio of men to women is 925 males to l,000 females.

Important Historical dates and events

Note: These are not all of the important events in its history.

August 19, 1189-Bosnia and Herzegovina Is founded

1914 -  Gavrilo Princip, assassinates the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. This is the flame that started the wildfire World War I.                                                  1915- Genocide is started on august 24, 1915. This started because Ottoman authorities took 250 Constantinople Armenian intellectuals and community leaders. This would be one of the country's most tragic wars claiming almost 1.5 million lives.                                     1918 -  Bosnia-Herzegovina becomes part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.(a colony founded by the people from the area at the end of WW1.)                             1991 -  Nationalists win first multi-party elections and form coalition government despite them  having conflicting goals: Muslim nationalists want Bosnia to become independant, Serb nationalists want to stay in Belgrade and the Croats want to join the independent Croatian state.                                                                                                              1992- Became seperate from yugoslavia                                                                      1998 - Elections show that the national politicians do well. The first Bosnian Muslims and Croats are convicted of war crimes in the Hague.                                                           2002 -A United Kingdom politician  named Paddy Ashdown becomes United Nations High Representative.                                                                                                    

Bosnia and Herzegovina Cuisine

  1. The traditional cuisine of the area includes Turkish influences, with a lot of grilled meat. A popular dish Bosanski lonac (meat stew cooked on an open fire). Another popular dish Cevapcici (small sausages made from a lamb and beef mix).

Important Holidays

Month, day of the week and Holiday

Jan 1, Thursday, New Year's Day

Jan 6,Tuesday, Orthodox Christmas Eve

Jan 7, Wednesday, Orthodox Christmas Day

Feb 14, Saturday, Valentine's Day

Mar 1, Sunday, Independence Day

Mar 8, Sunday, Mothers' Day

Mar 20, Friday, March equinox

Apr 3, Friday, Good Friday

Apr 6, Monday, Easter Monday

May 1, Friday, Labor Day

May 9, Saturday, Victory Day

Jun 21, Sunday, June Solstice

Jun 21, Sunday, Fathers' Day

Jul 18, Saturday, End of Ramadan

Sep 23, Wednesday, September equinox

Sep 24, Thursday, Feast of the Sacrifice

Oct 31, Saturday, Halloween

Nov 1, Sunday, All Saints' Day

Nov 21, Saturday, Dayton Peace Agreement Day

Nov 25, Wednesday, Statehood Day

Dec 22, Tuesday, December Solstice

Dec 25, Friday, Christmas Day

Dec 31, Thursday, New Year's Eve

Government

The government of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Federal Republic, parliamentary system and is republican. Some of the past presidents include: Krešimir Zubak his serving term was from 1994-1997. Vladimir Šoljić he served from march 1997 to december 1997. Ejup Ganić he served from 1997-1999, He also served from 2000-2001. Ivo Andrić-Lužanski he served from 1999-2000 and from January 1, 2001-  February 28, 2001. Karlo Filipović he served from 2001-2003. Safet Halilović he served from 2002-2003. Niko Lozančić served from 2003-2007. Borjana Krišto he served from 2007-2011. Živko Budimir served from 2011-2015. Bosnia and Herzegovina's current president is Marinko Čavara.

This is their President

Imports and Exports

Main Exports: Raw Aluminium, Seats, Leather Footwear,Refined Petroleum, and Sawn Wood

Main Imports: Refined Petroleum, Crude Petroleum, Cars, Packaged Medicaments, and Coal Briquettes

Top Export Destinations: Croatia, Germany, Italy, Austria and Serbia

Top Import Destinations: Croatia, Germany, Serbia, Italy and Russia

Languages

Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Balkan Folk Music

National Anthem

Sites Used