Thyroid Cancer

By: Leah Wilson

Definition:

Thyroid Cancer is a cancer that starts in the thyroid gland.

Facts:

1. Thyroid cancer is the fastest increasing cancer in both men and women. It is the most common endocrine cancer. Thyroid cancer is a cancerous tumor or growth located within the thyroid gland.

2. Thyroid cancer is one of the few cancers that has increased in incidence rates over recent years. It occurs in all age groups from children through seniors.

3. The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be about 60,220 new cases of thyroid cancer in the U.S. in 2013. Of these new cases, about 45,310 will occur in women and about 14,910 will occur in men. About 1,850 people (1,040 women and 810 men) will die of thyroid cancer in 2013.

4. Many patients, especially in the early stages of thyroid cancer, do not experience symptoms. However, as the cancer develops, symptoms can include a lump or nodule in the front of the neck, hoarseness or difficulty speaking, swollen lymph nodes, difficulty swallowing or breathing, and pain in the throat or neck

5. There are several types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, anaplastic, and variants.

What causes Thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer is linked with a number of inherited conditions. Certain changes in a person’s DNA can cause thyroid cells to become cancerous. DNA is the chemical in each of our cells that makes up our genes the instructions for how our cells function. People inherit 2 copies of each gene one from each parent. We can inherit damaged DNA from one or both parents. Most cancers, though, are not caused by inherited gene changes. In these cases, the genes change during a person’s life. They may occur when a cell’s DNA is damaged by something in the environment, like radiation, or they may just be random events that sometimes happen inside a cell, without an outside cause.

Signs and Symptoms of thyroid cancer is:

- A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.

- Swelling in the neck.

- Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.

- Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.

- Trouble swallowing.

- Trouble breathing.

Who tries to help people with Thyroid Cancer? And how do they help?

People who try to help people with Thyroid cancer are doctors and their parents. The doctors help by giving them treatments and medicine to help. Parents help by comforting their child and loving on them.

Why is it important for people to know about Thyroid Cancer?

It's important for people to know about thyroid cancer is because people can know what to look out for in the person who has thyroid cancer and so they can take care of them careful.

Sources that I used...

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