Elements of Design

By: Jillian Tate

Point

This tree stump has a point in the middle, representing the center.

Line

The vertical lines of the trees show strength, the lines of the path down the center show calm and peace.

Color

The colors of these rocks are cool colors, therefore, they are calming colors

Value

The value of this photo gets darker as the rhino's body gets further away, revealing its 3 Dimensions.

Shape

The shapes in this photo are organic.

Form

This 3D object has darker values in the back to show its form.

Space

The space around the benches on the sides of the photo is negative because nothing is in it.

Texture

This photo reveals the bumpy texture of the middle of a flower or a honeycomb.

Principles of Design

Balance

The colors and shapes on the wings of this bird are the same on both sides, showing symmetrical balance.

Emphasis

The bright yellow color of the fish compared to the black and white background emphasizes the fish.

Contrast

The difference in color between the green foliage and the clear, gray water shows contrast.

Rhythm

The repeated use of the same line shape on this painting of fields, shows rhythm.

Proportion

The difference in size of these rocks shows proportion.

Unity

The consistent use of vertical lines and color in this painting shows unity.

Economy

The simplistic outline of the butterfly in this photo shows economy.

Chapter 5 Vocabulary

Acute Triangle

All of the angles in this triangle are less the 90 degrees, making it an acute triangle

Right Triangle

One angle in this triangle equals 90 degrees, making it a right triangle

Obtuse Triangle

One angle of this triangle is greater than 90 degrees, making an obtuse triangle

Diameter

The measure from one side of a circle, through the middle, and to another is the diameter.

Tangent

A straight line intersects this circle at only one point, this makes it a tangent line.

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