By: Cyrus Otero and Austin Paradiso
When South Carolina succeeded from the union on December 20th of 1860 United States major Robert Anderson and his eighty-five soldiers were stationed at fort Moultrie near the mouth of the Charleston harbor. On December 26th Anderson, fearing for the safety of his men moved his troops to fort Sumter. Only a week after the inauguration of president Lincoln Anderson reported having only six weeks of food left for his troops. On Thursday April 11 1861 General P.G.T Beauregard dispatched aides to Major Anderson to demand the fort's surrender. Anderson refused and the next morning at 4:00 am confederate batteries began to fire on the fort, this bombardment continued for 34 hours. Major Anderson did not decide to fire back for the first 2 hours of the battle due to his need to conserve ammunition. The battle continued for days until finally Major Anderson surrendered the fort on the 16th of April. Surprisingly no soldier had died on either side. Due to the generous surrender, Anderson and his men were allowed to perform a 100 gun salute though it was cut short to 50 guns due to a gun malfunction which killed one man and mortally wounded another. With the Major's surrender the first battle of the civil war had been fought and the bloodiest war ever fought on American soil had begun.
The Battle of Fort Sumter
After the Siege and surrender of Fort Sumter Major Robert Anderson was promoted to general. The only casualty of the siege of Fort Sumter was the misfire of one of the cannons in the closing 100 gun salute. The first shot fired at the battle of Fort Sumter was fired by Captain James. The cannon fire, however could not pierce Fort Sumter's thick walls, so they heated the balls until hey were glowing orange, then proceeded to fire them. After these "fireballs" were shot at Fort Sumter it immediately burst into flames. This was a key factor in the surrender, as the soldiers could not breath.