The Rock Cycle

                                                            By: Makayla Mullins

The Rock Cycle

Rock Cycle

noun GEOLOGY

  1. an idealized cycle of processes undergone by rocks in the earth's crust, involving igneous intrusion, uplift, erosion, transportation, deposition as sedimentary rock, metamorphism, remelting, and further igneous intrusion.

Weathering & Erosion

Ex. of weathering & erosion on rocks

Weathering

Wind, water, and ice breaking down rock.

Erosion

Wind, water, and ice transporting soil & sediment from one location to another.

*BOTH HAPPEN ABOVE GROUND*

Transport & Deposition

Ex of transport and deposition.

Transport

To move something from one place to another

Deposition

The process of material being laid down or dropped.

*BOTH HAPPEN ABOVE GROUND*

Sedimentation

Ex. of Sedimentation
  1. Sedimentation
  2. is the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they are entrained, and come to rest against a barrier. This is due to their motion through the fluid in response to the forces acting on them: these forces can be due to gravity, centrifugal acceleration or electromagnetism.

Compaction & Sementation

Representation of Compaction & Cementation


Compaction

The composition of sediment caused by the weight of deposits above.

Cementation

Compacted sediments binding together during rock formation.

*BENEATH EARTH'S SURFACE*

Sedimentary Rock

Ex. of Sedimentary Rock; Sand Stone

Sedimentary Rock

A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together

Examples:

Limestone, Sandstone, Breccia

*BENEATH EARTH'S SURFACE*

Burial, High Temps, and Pressure

Representation of Burial, High Temps, and Pressure

High Temperature

The elevated warmth of an area.

Burial

To be submerged into the ground.

Pressure

The continuous physical force exerted on or against an object by something in contact with it.

*BENEATH EARTH'S SURFACE*

Metamorphic Rock

Ex. of Metamorphic Rock ; Marble

Metamorphic Rock

Extreme heat and pressure causing one rock type to turn into another.

Examples: Marble, Slate, Gneiss, Granite

*HAPPENS BENEATH EARTH'S SURFACE*

Melting

Ex. of Melted Rock

Melting

make or become liquefied by heat.

*HAPPENS BENEATH EARTH'S SURFACE*

Magma

Picture of Magma
Magma
  1. hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust from which lava and other igneous rock is formed by cooling.

*BENEATH THE EARTH'S SURFACE*

Intrusive Igneous Rock

Ex. of Intrusive Igneous Rock; Granite

Intrusive Igneous Rock

Rocks formed by magma cooling slowly beneath the earth's surface.

*HAPPENS BENEATH EARTH'S SURFACE*

Extrusive Igneous Rock

Ex. of Extrusive Igneous Rock; Obsidian

Extrusive Igneous Rock

Rocks formed from lava cooling quickly on earth's surface.

Examples: Basalt, Obsidian, Rhyolite

Slow Uplift to the Surface

Slow Uplift to the Surface

Rocks slowly rising