What is the disorder?
The disorder is genetic and is from chromosome 21 when abnormal cell division occurs and results in extra genetic material.
What is the diagnosis?
Down's syndrome is diagnosed shortly after birth and is based on the child's physical characteristics, but it can be diagnosed during pregnancy. All the mother has to do is get a screening or diagnostic test for it to be diagnosed before hand.
What are the symptoms?
The syndrome leaves distinct facial features and the most common features in children include: short height, tiny white spots on iris of eye (brushfield spots), excessive flexibility, relatively short fingers, small hands and feet, broad short hands with a single crease in palm, poor muscle tone, unusually shaped/small ears, upward slanting eyes, protruding tongue, short neck, small head and flattened facial features. Also, children can have health problems including heart defects, leukemia, infectious diseases, dementia, sleep apnea, obesity and other things.
What are the causes?
This disorder causes developmental delays and lifelong intellectual disability that range from mild to moderate. It also causes health problems in people and is the cause of learning disabilities in children.
Can it be treated and how?
There is no standard treatment for the syndrome because treatment depends on an individual's physical needs, intellectual needs, personal strengths and limitations.
Can it be prevented and how?
Sadly, there is no known way to prevent this syndrome.
In the year 1910, a baby that had Down's syndrome normally didn't live 10 years, but today someone can live with this syndrome for 60+ years depending on how severe their health issues are.