My City Profile - Hong Kong
Background & Overview
Officially known as "Hong Kong Special Administrative Region", Hong Kong is well known for its expensive skyline, deep natural harbour and extreme population density. Hong Kong became a British Colony after the defeat of the First Opium War, and was occupied by Japan during the Second World War, then the British resumed control until 1997. The spoken languages are mostly Cantonese, and the ethnic groups are 93.6% Chinese, mostly migrated from Canton (Guangdong), 6.4% others.
Hong Kong's population rate is ranked 100th World Wide, with a large number of 7,234,800 (estimation) and 6,544 /km^2. It's GDP nominal per capita is estimated to be $42,437 HKD. Most of Hong Kong is composed of steep and high hills, so this caused a great disadvantage for housing problems, as it is not easy to remove a mountain and build something on top of it, but it is also a great location as it is near sea for shipping and connected to the mainland. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the 7th largest in the world and has a market capitalisation of US$2.3 trillion as of December 2009.
What do I want to Know?
- What is the traffic conditions of the city?
- How developed is the city?
All data tables are from the Government Website of Hong Kong, providing different statistics of traffic and vehicles in February 2015. The source is very reliable as it is the government website, and it will not lie, and is a useful website to find information.
If you were to see the images above, you would have seen that even at noon, the underwater tunnels are always in a high traffic condition, and most of the vehicles are Private Cars.
From the data tables above and radios and images from the Transport Department, you can see that there is an extreme high amount of private cars, which makes up 70% of the vehicles of Hong Kong according to the news program from TVB. The number of private car registrations also increase 3000 by the month, and that amount compared to the area of Hong Kong is way too large. Hong Kong has decreased prices for the western tunnel and eastern tunnel for more transportation, but compared to the Central tunnel, it is still more expensive, and any public transport driver prefers to use the Central tunnel.
Hong Kong must act in order to help the city out, by trying to reduce traffic jams, increase the number of people using public transports, and decreasing the amount of private cars registered every month.