by: Imani Beard
This is a condition in which a ventricle has become enlarged, thickened, or stiffened. It results in the heart having a reduced ability to pump blood- the abnormality of the heart muscle itself.
There are two types of disorders: Dilated and Hypertrophic.
Dilated: the heart's inability to supply the body with enough blood — dilated cardiomyopathy can also contribute to irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), blood clots or sudden death. The condition affects people of all ages, including infants and children.
- Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you're active or lying down
- Reduced ability to exercise
- Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet
- Swelling of your abdomen (ascites)
Dilated cardiomyopathy most commonly occurs in men, ages 20 to 60. Other risk factors include:
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Coronary artery disease
- Damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack
- Family history of dilated cardiomyopathy
- Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation for treating cancer
- Cocaine use
- Viral or bacterial infections of the heart muscle
- Metabolic disorders, such as thyroid disease or diabetes
- Diseases that can damage the heart, including hemochromatosis and sarcoidosis
- Nutritional deficiencies of essential vitamins and minerals, such as selenium
- Inflammation of heart muscle from immune system disorders, such as lupus
- Metals and other toxic compounds, such as lead, mercury and arsenic
- Neuromuscular disorders, such as muscular dystrophy
- HIV infection
PRESCRIPTION for CARDIOMYOPATHY
Prescription ACE Inhibitor: Lisinopril (Prinivil), Captopril
Diuretic: Furosemide (Lasix)
Heart medication: Amiodarone (Cordarone), Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Statin: Simvastatin (Zocor), Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
Other treatments: Metoprolol (Lopressor), Carvedilol (Coreg), Spironolactone (Aldactone), Valsartan (Diovan) Self-treatmentAspirin (Ecotrin)Also common
Devices: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, Cardiac pacemaker
Procedures: Cardiac catheterization, Revascularization, Coronary artery bypass surgery
Other treatments: Anti-arrhythmic agent, Heart transplantation Specialists
Primary care provider (PCP): Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases.
Radiologist: Uses images to diagnose and treat disease within the body.
Transplant surgeon: Transfers an organ from one body to another.
Cardiologist: Specializes in heart disorders.
Cardiothoracic surgeon: Surgically treats diseases affecting organs inside the chest.
Emergency medicine doctor: Treats patients in the emergency department
heart walls (muscle) are much thicker (hypertrophied)
is most often passed down through families (inherited). It is thought to result from defects in the genes that control heart muscle growth.
- Medicines to treat the abnormal rhythm
- Blood thinners to reduce the risk of blood clots (if the arrhythmia is due to atrial fibrillation)
- A permanent pacemaker to control the heartbeat
- An implanted defibrillator that recognizes life-threatening heart rhythms and sends an electrical pulse to stop them. Sometimes a defibrillator is placed, even if the patient has not had an arrhythmia but is at high risk for a deadly arrhythmia (for example, if the heart muscle is very sick or the patient has a relative who has died suddenly).