spread of disease
animal-borne and that bats are the most likely reservoir. Four of the five virus strains occur in an animal host native to Africa.Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a strain of Ebola virus. The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. The risk of an Ebola outbreak affecting multiple people in the U.S. is very low.
There is no evidence indicating that Ebola virus is spread by coughing or sneezing. Ebola virus is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or body fluids of a person who is sick with Ebola; the virus is not transmitted through the air (like measles virus). However, droplets splashes or sprays of respiratory or other secretions from a person who is sick with Ebola could be infectious, and therefore certain precautions called standard, contact, and droplet precautions are recommended for use in healthcare settings to prevent the transmission of Ebola virus from patients sick with Ebola to healthcare personnel and other patients or family members.
The current outbreak in West Africa, (first cases notified in March 2014), is the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976. There have been more cases and deaths in this outbreak than all others combined. It has also spread between countries starting in Guinea then spreading across land borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia, by air (1 traveller) to Nigeria and USA .
A deadly and rare virus, an already overwhelmed health system, and stigma, fear, and lack of awareness combined to create a catastrophic “perfect Ebola storm” in Liberia. PCI has been on the ground since the outbreak began working with community groups to teach Liberians how to prevent the spread of Ebola, training health care workers to fight and treat the virus, and distributing life-saving medical equipment to hospitals and health clinics. As the numbers of infected and deceased continue to rise, the need for action to stop the spread of Ebola in Liberia is increasingly urgent.
The way Ebola kills would seem impossible to mistake. What the casual is knows of Ebola are its most spectacular cases, or the cinematic depictions of them: prodigious bleeding from eyes, ears, nose, anus.