Exclaves and Enclaves
Whats is an Exclave?
A portion of a country geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory.
A way to remember exclaves would be as the prefix Ex- means out of or from. So it is OUT OF the main part of the country and is surrounded by Alien territory. Or originating from a different country.
What is an enclave?
A portion of territory within or surrounded by a larger territory whose inhabitants are culturally or ethnically distinct.
A way to remember enclave would be the prefix En- means inside. So it is INSIDE of another country and is surrounded by that country.