Xi Jinping

Claudia Faulk

Background

Xi Jinping was born on June 15th, 1953, in Beijing, China. His dad, Xi Zhongxun, was a Communist revolutionary figure and is known as one of the founding fathers of the communist party. He held a series of poses, including propaganda chief, Vice- Premier, and Vice- Chairman of the National People's Congress. In 1966, Xi's secondary education was cut short by the Cultural Revolution, which was when all forms of secondary education were stopped so the students could criticize and fight their teachers. Then in 1968, Xi started working in Yanchuna County, Shaanxi, and later became the Party Branch secretary of the production team. He left in 1975, the age of 22, and when he was later interviewed about his experiences there, he said, "It was emotional. It was a mood. And when the ideals of the Cultural Revolution could not be realized, it proved an illusion."(1) A few years later, Xi started studying Chemical Engineering and realized that education was more political and practical than professional. Realizing this, from 1998 - 2002, he studied Marxist Philosophy and ideological education. He later got a Doctor of Law Degree, however, people are beginning to question its qualification. His unpublished PhD thesis is said to be nothing about law, appears to have no original research, and is exactly like many other writings of the same subject published around the same time as Xi's was written. Scholars have actually found that many pages had been copied an d added into his thesis exactly how they were first written. He has been questioned about this but now response is recorded. From 1979- 1982, Xi served as secretary for his dad's former subordinate, then became the vice premier and Secretary-General of the Central Military Commission, gaining him some military background.

                             

                                          

Rise to Power

In 1971, Xi joined the Communist Youth League, then the Communist Party of China in 1974. In 1983, he was promoted to Secretary of the Zhengding County Committee after only a year of serving as Deputy Secretary. In 1999, Xi was promoted to the Deputy Governor of Fujian, and became Governor a year later.Xi ended up taking senior government and Party positions in Zhengding in 2000, and several months later, became party chief, making him first in charge in the province. He ended up holding positions in many of the CPC Central Committees. During this time, he provided the economic environment with secured growth rates that average about 14% a year. He then became the Party Chief of Shanghai. Xi was finally elected as the President of the People's republic of China on March 14th, 2013 after working hard and being a leader in many different positions in his past.

       

                                                                                                           

Style of Government

Xi Jinping, being the President of China, is communist. There has actually been talk in the news about the Australian prime minister thinking that Xi was going to convert China to a democracy. The reason that all of this happened was because Xi said that China had the goal and capability of becoming "a modern socialist country that is prosperous, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious", which shows that he has a lot of confidence in his country. The Australian prime minister had a misconception of what Xi meant by "democratic". Years ago, in China, the word 'democratic' had the same meaning as it does to us westerners now but after China's failed efforts at a democracy after the fall of the Qing Dynasty,  the word 'democracy' was incorporated into "party-speak" to gain popular support. In the end, Xi's style of government is communism, and he is set on keeping the same things in mind for the communist government as previous people in power, but is helping China to excel in many different ways.

                                                                                       

Domestic Priorities

With Xi being the President of China, it will be fairly easy for him to accomplish the Domestic Priorities he feels are necessary for a smooth running communist government. This includes; 1. Boost Free Market Economy. 2. Become allies with South Korea. 3. Stay very close to Russia, especially Putin. 4. He swore to end corruption at the highest levels 5. Strengthen China's Military 6. Cyber Security. These are a few of the, I'm assuming, very extensive list of Domestic Priorities Xi has for China. He has created many different campaigns for each of the things listed above, showing that he feels very strongly about these things occurring in his country.

                  

                                            

Foreign Policy

Since Xi has entered office, China's relationship with North Korea has started going downhill as their relationship with, South Korea is getting better. China's relations with Japan have also started deteriorating, and the issue between the two that seems to be flourishing is the dispute over the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands. Japan was so solid in what they stood for, in November of 2013, China declared an Air Defense Identification Zone. The China- US relationship is not determined at the moment, and what I mean by that, is that Xi said that China's relations with the US was a "new type of great power relations", and many people in the government have yet to 'embrace' this statement. Last, but not least, China's relationship with Russia has actually improved a good bit, and Xi has created a strong, personal relationship with Vladimir Putin. Not only this, but China signed a $400 billion gas deal with Russia, and has become Russia's largest trading partner.

           

                                                                                                                                 

Current Event

On Friday, December 5th, 2014, Xi Jinping called for faster development of China's advanced weaponry. He stated at a two day conference with the Peoples Liberation Army that the military reforms were to be "guided by the objective of building a strong army", as the Official Xinhua news agency said. I quote Xi when he said, "Equipment systems are now in a period of strategic opportunities and at a key point for rapid development." Xi as built up China's army to 2.3 million soldiers, and has also helped to develop emerging stealth fighter technology, anti-satellite missiles, and aircraft carriers.

                                      

                                                                                               Shout Out

Xi Jinping is known for being the current President of China. I think that he hasn't yet used his power to its full potential, which is a great amount. I think that the relationships he has helped build for China will be very beneficial for them, and could make them even more powerful at some point.


Bibliography

- http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/dec/05/xi-ji...

-http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2014/11/04/hard-line-...

- http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2014/11/x...

- http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/142201/eliz...

- http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/...

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi_Jinping (1)

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