Artificial Intelligence or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Impending Robot Apocalypse
Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that deals with the science and engineering of machines and software that are intelligence. Alan Turing, an English mathematician who is considered by some to be the father of artificial intelligence, created a test which is used to discern whether or not a machine is intelligent. The Turing Test states that if a machine can successfully pretend to be human to an observer then it could be considered intelligent.
There are many different branches of artificial intelligence. These include, but are not limited to, logical AI, search, pattern recognition, heuristics, and genetic programming.
Many steps are being made towards making science fiction science fact (insert laugh track [fun fact: all laugh tracks are taken from I Love Lucy's studio audience.]) , most of them being made in Japan were the race to build is on (#Need4Speed) or whatever. Personal robots and computer programs capable of voice and face recognition, word vomiting, making their way down town, and other simple tasks. Despite these advances in the field of AI, presently, we have yet to successfully combine all of these features and are, as a result, woefully bereft of autonomous robot servants. :(
Source 4: http://science.howstuffworks.com/asimo.htm