Textbook pg. 640-643

TB pg. 640

Metaphors -  Describes one thing as if it were something else.
Personification - Gives human-like qualities to something nonhuman.
Similes - Use like or as to compare two unlike things.
Alliteration - The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words.
Repetition - The repeated use of a sound, word, or phrase.
Assonance - The repeated use of vowel sounds in stressed syllables that end with different  consonant sounds, as in fade and hay.
Consonance - The repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds, as in end and hand.
Onomatopoeia - The use of words that imitate sounds, like POW!
Rhyme - The repetition of sounds at thee ends of words-- thin skin.
Rhythm - The pattern of strong and weak beats, as well as pauses, in a poem.

TB pg. 641

Lines - The basic structural component of a poem.
Stanzas - One or more lines that make up the basic units of a poem separated by spacing.
Meter - The measured arrangement and number or stressed or unstressed syllables.
Rhyme Scheme - The pattern of rhyme in a poem.

TB pg. 642

Lyric Poetry - Expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in a very musical verse.
Sonnets - Fourteen line poems with a formal tone that follow a specific rhyme scheme.
Odes - Poems with a formal tone, written with a single purpose of celebrating or honoring a person, object, or an idea.
Elegies - Formal poems that reflect on death or other solemn, serious themes.
Narrative Poetry - Tells a story in a verse.
Epics - Long narrative poems that tell an exciting or inspiring story about a hero.
Ballads - Song like- poems that tell a story a story often dealing with adventure, tragedy, or romance.
Free Verse Poetry - Defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, no intentional rhyme, no fixed line length, and no specific stanza pattern.
Limericks - Humorous five-line poems with a specific rhythmic pattern and an aabba rhyme scheme.
Concrete Poems - The words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggests the topic or ideas in the poem. Concrete poems have a lighthearted or humorous tone. Their structures are loose, without regular meter, though they have rhyme.
Haikus - Short, unrhymed poems, often about nature. The form originated in Japan, but its simplicity and power made it popular worldwide.