Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder (neurological disorder) in which nerve cell activity in the brain becomes disrupted, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of consciousness

What causes epilepsy?
> Low oxygen during birth
> Head injuries
> Brain tumors
> Infections such as meningitis or encephalitis
> Stroke or other types of brain injuries
> Abnormal levels of substances such as sodium or blood sugar

In up to 70% of all case of epilepsy in adults and children, no cause can ever be discovered.


Psychological: anxiety, depression, or fear
aura or pins and needles
muscle spasms or muscle twitch
mental confusion or amnesia
fatigue or fainting
Also common:
seizures, staring spells, headache, sleepiness, or temporary paralysis after a seizure

How is epilepsy treated?
The treatment of this disease varies between each case, but for the most part this disorder is treated with drugs to help reduce and control seizures. other treatments include lifestyle changes (such as dieting) to decrease the risk of seizures.


Teaching children with epilepsy:

Parenting children with epilepsy:

Support for those with epilepsy:

American Epilepsy Society. 342 N. Main St., Rm. 301, Hartford, CT 06105–4298. (860) 586–7505. http://www.aesnet.org/ .

Epilepsy Foundation., 8301 Professional Place, Landover, MD 20785. (800) 332–1000. http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/


  1. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, 4th Edition, Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2014, pp. 847-851.
  2. "Epilepsy." Monique Laberge, PhD., Marshall G. Letcher, MA., and Roy Sucholeiki, MD. The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. 4th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2011. 6 vols.
  3. "Epilepsy." Marshall G. Letcher, MA., Roy Sucholeiki, MD., and Fran Hodgkins. The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders, Second Edition. Ed. Brigham Narins. Detroit: Gale, 2012. 2 vols.