By: Caleb B. #colonialamerica #Kettner #Tech2
New York was once New Amsterdam in colonial times and was governed by Peter Stuyvesant. Stuyvesant became director of the colony in May 1645. The colony was actually Dutch at the time. Stuyvesant was a brutal leader and almost like a dictator over the colony. The burghers especially disapproved of his leadership. Eventually, the government back in Holland told Stuyvesant to step down and come back, but he refused. He was not popular with the Native Americans either, in 1655, 1658, and 1663 he vigorously suppressed Indian uprisings. In March 1664, Colonel Richard Nicolls with a fleet of 4 ships and 300-400 men began heading to the Dutch colony to take over. Stuyvesant was misled by the Holland to believe there was no threat from the fleet. He made no defensive preparations and paid dearly. On September 8th, 1664, Stuyvesant was forced to surrender the colony without a fight because of the lack of defense, and the burghers refused to aid him. He returned to Holland and was named a scapegoat for his loss of the colony. Peter Stuyvesant went back to New York again in 1667 spent the remainder of his life on his farm called the Bouwerie.