China

The Sui Dynasty

The Sui Dynasty lasted from approximately 581-618. The first emperor/founder of this new dynasty was Yang Jian, also known as Wendi. He turned the government of China into a bureaucracy. Wendi had many lasting impacts on the country of China. One of which is the Grand Canal. This canal was built to provide easy passage to get to food sources, such as rice, in the northern part of China. Even though the Grand Canal helped the Sui Dynasty prosper, it had to come to an end because of rebellions. These rebellions started during the reign of Emperor Yang Di and ended with his assassination. With the death of Yang Di, the Sui dynasty fell.

The Tang Dynasty

The Tang Dynasty lasted from 618-907. It was started after the Sui dynasty fell into chaos and eventually collapsed. This led Li Yuan to take over as the general and prime minister of the dynasty. He literally declared himself "King of Tang". However, he did not want to be emperor so he declared Yang You the emperor. During this reign, the Tang dynasty declared Chang'an the capital city. One thing that he did keep though was the government. He let it stay as a bureaucracy. During the Tang, Buddhism became a huge religion which evoked them to build many magnificent Buddhist temples.In addition to Buddhism, they also adopted Confucianism and Daoism. One of the other great emperors of the Tang was Taizong. Taizong ruled from 626 to 649. When he died, his wife, Wu Zhao, took over and became the only woman in Chinese history to hold the title of emperor. Even though the Tang dynasty seemed very strong, it had to collapse at some point.This happened in 907 when a powerful general killed the emperor which ultimately ended the dynasty.

The Song Dynasty

The Song dynasty lasted from 960 to 1279. The Song began after the fall of the Tang dynasty. The Song was split into two halves: the Northern Song and the Southern Song. The Northern was governed by Zhao Kuangyin and Southern was governed by Zhao Gou. Even though they were separate, the North and South were both bureaucracies. Throughout the entire Song empire, Neo-Confucianism spread rapidly. It was not only regular Confucianism however, it also included spiritual matters. Another thing that spread throughout the dynasty was woodblock printing. This development helped to make it easier to mass produce important documents and public papers for all to see. Another major innovation of the Song dynasty was gunpowder. In China, it was mainly used for fireworks but as it spread around the world it became useful in firearms and cannons. Even though the Song dynasty was very prosperous, it still had to come to an end. This end came in 1279. In 1279, armies of the Yuan Dynasty came and captured the capital city of Lin'an, thus bringing an end to the Song dynasty.

Comment Stream