Transplants in the USA
Authors: Carla R., Alba, Alfonso, Miguel, Iván and Luis.
Hello, this is a blog of the transplants in the USA
We are going to explain you the most commune transplant of the USA.
This is the graphic of the don ants in the USA.
In this picture, we can see that in 2008, there are less don ants than in 2011.
One transplant in Spain slope 10 less times than the USA.
This is a graphic of livers from 2000 to 2011. (Graphics cannot be shown)
What is the transplant of the heart?
The transplant of the heart is an operation where we replay the heart for a person that is good to another person that has the heart bad.
For what they recommend the transplant of the heart?
The transplant is recommend for the children that have severe cardiac dysfunction that if they don't have a heart they will die.
Some diseases can affect to the heart.
For what the children of the EEUU nide a transplant of heart?
Visit the United Network for Organ Sharing (United Network for Organ Sharing, English UNOS) to obtain statistics of patients on the waiting list for a heart transplant; and for the number of patients who received a transplant this year.
Where do transplanted organs?
The transplanted hearts come from organ donors. Donors are adults or children who have become critically ill (usually because of an accidental injury) and will not live due to injury or illness that affects them. If the donor is an adult, you may have agreed to be an organ donor before becoming ill. Parents or spouses can also agree to donate the organs of a relative. Donors can come from anywhere in the United States. This type of transplant is called a cadaveric transplant.
How are transplanted organs allocated?
In the United States, responsible for the distribution of organs for transplantation is the ONEs. UNOS oversees the allocation of different types of transplants, including liver transplants, kidney, pancreas, heart, lung, and cornea.
This organization receives data from hospitals and medical centers throughout the country regarding adults and children who need organ transplants. The medical team that currently follows your child should send their data to UNOS and updating them to changes in the child's condition.
A heart transplant, or a cardiac transplant, is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease. As of 2008 the most common procedure is to take a working heart from a recently deceased organ donor (cadaveric allograft) and implant it into the patient. The patient's own heart is either removed (orthotopic procedure) or, less commonly, left in place to support the donor heart (heterotopic procedure). Post-operation survival periods average 15 years. Heart transplantation is not considered to be a cure for heart disease, but a life-saving treatment intended to improve the quality of life for recipients.
The most common organ transplantation in USA Organ transplantation is is the moving of an organ from one person to another.
USA is the continent with the highest number of organ transplants per year. Organ transplantation is a surgical procedure to removing a healthy organ from one person and placing it into another person. Transplantation occurs because the organ has been damaged through illness.
In USA,people of every age receive organ donations. During, 2012, 113.000 people received organ transplantation. One person can help many throught organs and tissues donation. The organs that can be transplanted are: heart, kidneys, liver, lung, pancreas, intestine and thymus.
The tissues includes bones, tendons, cornea, skin, heart valves, nerve and veins. Recently it includes hands and face transplant. Organs donors are people who give an organ or a part of an organ for transplant attain into another person. They can be living donors( the donor can give a kidney, or a part of liver, lung, intestine or pancreas and the donor remains alive after the transplantation) and death donors( who can give kidneys, pancreas,liver, lungs, heart and intestinal organs, and the donor is in brain death) Candidate is the people who are waiting for a organ transplantation. They have a serious illness and if don't receive an organ, they die in few months.
In USA, there are 123.951 people waiting for an organ. 18 persons will die every day waiting for a organ. And, 1 donor can save up to 8 lives. The most common transplants in USA are:
-Kidney, is the most common type of organ transplantation.In last year over 16.500 transplants were performed.
-Liver, was the second most common type of organ transplant, with 6.300 cases.
-Heart, almost 2.200 heart transplants were performed. Conclusion: At present USA is the country where most of the transplants in the world are made. Kidney transplantation is the most common, then the liver and finally the heart.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, to replace the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative medicine is allowing scientists and engineers to create organs to be re-grown from the patient's own cells (stem cells, or cells extracted from the failing organs). Organs and/or tissues that are transplanted within the same person's body are called autografts. Transplants that are recently performed between two subjects of the same species are called allografts. Allografts can either be from a living or cadaveric source.
Organs that can be transplanted are the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, and thymus. Tissues include bones, tendons (both referred to as musculoskeletal grafts), cornea, skin, heart valves, nerves and veins. Worldwide, the kidneys are the most commonly transplanted organs, followed by the liver and then the heart. Cornea and musculoskeletal grafts are the most commonly transplanted tissues; these outnumber organ transplants by more than tenfold.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, to replace the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative medicine is allowing scientists and engineers to create organs to be re-grown from the patient's own cells (stem cells, or cells extracted from the failing organs).An early-stage medical laboratory and research company, called, designs and develops functional, three dimensional human tissue for medical research and therapeutic applications. The company utilizes its MMX for 3D. anticipates that the of human tissues will accelerate the preclinical drug testing and discovery process, enabling treatments to be created more quickly and at lower cost. Additionally, has long-term expectations that this technology could be suitable for surgical therapy and transplantation.
The USA has a population of 319.151.000 habitants.In 2014 approximately 2.200 heart transplants.
In a study spanning 1999 to 2007, conducted on behalf of the U.S. federal government by Dr. Eric Weiss of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, it was discovered that, compared to men receiving male hearts, "men receiving female hearts had a 15% increase in the risk of adjusted cumulative mortality"
We send an email to the teacher of Science in USA of the Boca Raton Internacional School.They send us the results and we create these graphs.
Thanks to the children that answer these questions, so we know if they will be donnors or they will need a donation.
Our teacher helped us to create this blog.
We did some interviews to the people of other school, they said this: (Graphics cannot be shown)
In this graphic we can see that the USA is the second one in the world that donate organs in 2010.
this graphic is about the people that donate organs in 2012 in the USA.
Doing some interviews we saw that you have to donate organs or blood for the people that their organs do not work well. Because maybe you one day will need a transplant and maybe you will not have it.
What consequences have the transplants?
Transplants are good because the people that are ill they need a transplant.The people that are death they take its organ and traslate the organ to the people that need the organ.
People need transplants to survive, the people that donate organs can safe lives.There are people who by a stroke or something , you lose a body and need another to survive.