s.s.c.e. review
types of gov

Democracy Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives.=Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Republic, Executive, Presidency ..... Dark green –Countries where constitutional provisions for government have been ...

There are two kinds of Democracies  

Direct Democracy - In a direct democracy all citizens have a chance to participate. The people directly control and are responsible for the laws that govern their society. All citizens can take initiative to create public policy. An example of a direct democracy is ancient Athens where they held assemblies to pass laws.= Switzerland is a rare example of a country with instruments of direct democracy

Representative Democracy - Like direct democracy, representative democracy is a government by the people. Representative democracy is a form of government in which people elect leaders to write and manage laws for the country. These leaders are responsible for representing the will of the people and are elected at regular intervals. They are also often bound by a Constitution.=Countries like Canada, the United States of America and the United Kingdom all have representative democracies.

  we can move on to forms of government where only one person is in control Dictatorship - In a dictatorship power is not inherited, but usually is acquired by force. A dictator has absolute control over the lives of his citizens, like Kim Jong Il in North Korea. Because a dictator has absolute power, opposition is usually suppressed and people are prevented from voicing their opinions.=Iraq, Zimbabwe, Republic of Congo, Kazakhstan, Equatorial Guinea, Belarus, Burkina ... Country's ruled by Dictatorships The FollowingCountry's have Dictatorship Rulers - Burma ...  

Monarchy - Kings, queens, princes, and princesses. We all pretend when we’re little, but in a monarchy these roles are reality. Monarchy is rule by a king, or monarch, and he usually gains his power because his parents were rulers (monarchs) also. This applies to queens, too! Some modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions, while others do not.= 1. Queen Elizabeth II is also the Sovereign of 15 countries in the Commonwealth of Nations: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu.

¨Autocracy - A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc. = autocratic governments are:Belarus, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Iran, ....

¨Theocracy The word theocracy contains the Greek root “theo” which means “god.” A theocracy is a rule by god or higher power. In a theocracy, religious leaders usually lead the society and religious law is used to settle disputes and rule the people. The Islamic Republic of Iran is an example of a modern theocracy. = Afghanistan

¨Oligarchy The philosopher Aristotle originally used the word “oligarchy” to refer to rule by the rich, but the literal definition of oligarchy is “rule by the few.” This means that a few people hold all the power based on military strength (known as a military junta), family power (an aristocracy), or religious force (a theocratic oligarchy). Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government like monarchies and dictatorships. = Russia may be considered a de facto oligarchy

Anarchy In this form of government no one is in charge! Sounds too good to be true? Think about all the possible outcomes of having no government at all. =  Somalia government