Causes of The American Revolution
By: Skylar Hargett
The American Revolution took place between 1765 and 1783. The American colonies overthrew the British and found America. The Revolution was the result of social and political transformation in society.
Treaty of Paris Ends French and Indian War
The Treaty of Paris was discussed in 1783 between the United States and the British. The Treaty was made to end The American Revolution. Before this treaty the colonists were in fear of the French in the shadows and needed the British military for protection; now with the French gone this issue is no more. After this treaty was put into place the first sign of nationalism was seen.
Nationalism: devotion and loyalty to one's own country; patriotism.
Proclamation of 1763 - King George |||
The Proclamation of 1763 was put in to place on October 7, 1763 by King George |||. The Proclamation hindered colonists from settling west in the Appalachian Mountains to satisfy the Native Americans who sided against the King. This Proclamation expanded colonies along with inheriting French land. King George's reign lasted from 1760-1820. Also in the time of the Proclamation, Georgia's governor, James Wright, negotiated the Treaty of Augusta.
Treaty of Augusta: the treaty opened up land between the Ogeechee and Savannah rivers.
The Sugar Act
The Sugar Act was also called the American Revenue Act. This act forced colonists to pay a three cent tax on sugar, coffee, indigo, and wine. This act came about by the British because they wanted to end smuggling trade of sugar and molasses. In respond, the colonies had many protests to try to lower the taxes. Georgia was somewhat upset about the Sugar Act. The Sugar Act was later repealed in 1766.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act required all paper items to have a stamp or seal; all stamps or seals costed money. The British government put this act in place to get extra money from the colonists. The colonists were obviously outraged by this, so they formed The Stamp Act congress. Georgia and the other colonies wondered if the British government had the right to tax them. What do you think? On March 1766, the repeal of the act was suggested.
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre was a fight on the street in 1770 between colonists and the British soldiers. The soldiers have hated having the soldiers lurking around the colonies. Since the massacre, there was a town meeting demanding the removal of the British soldiers. When the court was called Georgia had no delegates. Only two soldiers were arrested.
The Tea Act
The Tea Act was a bill created to save the East India Company from bankruptcy. This act allowed the EIC to sell its goods to the colonies without paying taxes. The tea act did not put any taxes new taxes on any tea. This all later lead up to the Boston Tea party, which Georgians did not participate on.
The Boston Tea Party
The Boston Tea Party was a protest of the Sons of Liberty. The colonists that participated in the Boston Tea Party were disguised as the American Indians and destroyed all of the crates of tea on the ship by tossing them into the Boston Harbor. As I state again, Georgians did not participate because no tea ships came to Georgia.
The Townshend Acts
The Townshend Act created taxes on glass, paint, paper, and tea. The purpose of the act was to raise revenue in colonies to pay certain salaries, like governors and judges. These acts lead to the Boston Massacre. Most of these taxes were later repealed, except the tax on tea. The government continued to tax the colonists without their consent.
The intolerable Acts
The Intolerable Act is a name for the series of laws that were put into place by the British Parliament in 1774. The four acts were The Boston Port Act, The Massachusetts Government Act, The Administration of Justice Act, and The Quebec Act. Theses laws punished people from Massachusetts for The Boston Tea Party. Colonists thought that these acts were violating their rights. All of the colonists grew hate for Britain. Georgia was upset with the acts even though it was only aimed at Massachusetts. This led up to The Battle of Lexington and Concord.
Lexington and Concord
The Battle of Lexington and Concord was fought on April 9, 1775. This battle was between the British troops and the militia of Massachusetts. This battle ended in a victory by the colonials. This battle came into place because of tension between The British and American colonies. Georgia supported the Massachusetts militia in this battle.
Second Continental Congress meets Georgia's Representatives to the meeting
The Second Continental Congress (SCC) was a gathering of delegates from the thirteen colonies. The SCC was established in 1775 and it ended in 1781. The SCC accomplished creating the Continental Army, they managed the war, and passed The Declaration of Independence. Dr. Lyman Hall was elected to represent Georgia in the SCC.
Declaration of Independence is adopted
The Declaration of Independence was adopted by The Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. The Declaration declared the freedom of the new independent states that were no longer apart of The British Empire. The three Georgians to sign The Declaration of Independence were Dr. Lyman Hall, George Walton, and Button Gwinnett. Everyone who signed this document pledged their lives, fortunes, and sacred honor.