By Grace E Gasaway

Jamaica Cites

        Jamaica's capital city is  Kingston. Kingston is the largest city on the island. The population of this busy city is 587,798. It is one of the most popular places to visit next to Montego Bay. Montego Bay is the next biggest city. The city's nickname is "Friendly City" because of the warmth and friendliness of its people who are there. The city is also known for its wonderful beaches. One well known beach is Cornwall. A not so happy place to be is in Hightgate. Highgate is a poor and rundown city. Missionaries from around the world come to help this city.    

Location

     Jamaica is an island nation of the Greater Antillies, located in the northwestern Caribbean Sea, about 145 kilometers south of Cuba and 191 kilometers west of the island of Hispaniola, where Haiti and the Dominican Republic are located. Jamaica is located between the latitudes of 17° and 19°N and longitudes 76° and 79°W.

Independence

      August 6, 1962 is the original Jamaican Independence Day. This is the day that it was founded. Christopher Columbus first found  Jamaica in 1494, and by 1509 Spanish colonists wanted the country. Britain got control of Jamaica in 1655, but it was not until 1670 that the Spaniards surrendered.  Jamaica became an independent nation in 1962.

Currency

     Jamaican dollar notes and coins is used in Jamaica. Because in some parts of the island the people make all their money from tourists,  American money is accepted as a payment method.  

The People

     The people of Jamaica are wonderful people to be around. Everyone seems to be glass half full people.  Movies that have Jamaicans in them, such as Cool Running, did get one thing spot on and that is how much Jamaicans say "Mon".

Weather & Temperature

Red is the height and blue is the low.

     The shortest day is December 21 with 11:01 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 13:15 hours of daylight. Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are thunderstorms, moderate rain, and light rain. Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 45% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around September 17, when it is observed during 45% of all days. Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 31% of those days with precipitatin. It is most likely around December 15, when it is observed during 21% of all days. Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 22% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around December 13, when it is observed during 14% of all days.

Music

    In Jamaica everyone in tapping their feet to reggae music. There are seven radio stations and the most popular is 100% Reggae. On this station, there is only reggae music nonstop. The most famous reggae musician is Bob Marley. Bob was born and died in Jamaica.

Sports

    The most popular sports in Jamaica are cricket, football, and track and field. Other important sports include boxing, netball, basketball, karate, cycling, swimming, badminton, tennis, golf and bobsledding. Bolt, the fastest man on earth, came from Jamaica.  As strange as it may seem, Jamaica usually has a bobsled team in the winter Olympics. Disney found this to be a great story line, so they made the movie Cool Runnings.  

Hallidays

 Ash Wednesday (February 13)                       Good Friday (March 29)                                         Easter Monday (April 1)                                 Christmas Day (December 25)                       New Year's Day (January 1)                           Labor Day (May 23)                          Emancipation Day (August 1)                        Independence Day (August 6)                National Heroes Day (October 21)                Boxing Day (December 26)

Important  facts

Jamaica's national tree is the Blue Mahoe

Jamaica's national bird is the Doctor Bird

Jamaica's national fruit is ackee

Jamaica's national flower Lignum Vitae

Tourist Attractions

Dunn's River Falls

       Dunn'a River Falls is a famous water fall around Ocho Rios. Thousands of tourists  come each year to try to climb the 180 feet waterfall.  It takes about 1 hour to climb with short breaks for photographs and video recordings taken by the guides. There are also stairs, alongside of the falls, for those who do not want to get wet.

Dolphin Cove

      At Dolphin Cove guests can swim with dolphins, sharks, and stingrays. Visitors may also pet other species including iguanas, rabbits, snakes, and a variety of birds. Dolphin Cove has been awarded "NUMBER ONE" attraction in Jamaica.

The Luminous Lagoon

     Scientists from the John Hopkins University studied the lagoon and found out that the blue glow is bio-luminescence. It is made of small living animals known as Dinoflagellates. The organisms have Pryodinium Bahamene that can only be seen through a microscope. The light appears when the water is disturbed.

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