Natural Fibers

Lydia Vandemark

Types of Natural Fibers

Cotton fiber characteristics are strong and durable, absorbent, cool to wear, shrinks in hot water, and wrinkles easily Cotton is the most widely used of all natural fibers. The care is this fiber is machine was, tumble dry at moderate temperatures, and press with warm to hot iron to keep the fabric in its prim condition. The common uses of cotton is underwear, socks, shirts & blouses, jeans, and towels & sheets

Flax fiber has many characteristics which are durable & strong, lustrous & smooth, comfortable & cool to wear, wrinkles easily, creases difficult to remove, and can be expensive. The proper care for flax is hand wash or dry clean and iron while damp. The common uses for flax is pants, blazers, table lines, and upholstery.

Silk fiber characteristics are luxurious appearance & feel, strongest of all natural fibers, drapes nicely, expensive, easily spots of fabric becomes wet, and weakens with exposure to sun. The proper care is dry cleaning or hand washing and press on wrong side with warm iron. The common uses for silk is wedding gowns, lingerie, and men's ties.

Wool fibers characteristics are that it is natural insulator; warmest of all natural fibers, soft & resilient, naturally flame retardant, absorbs moisture more slowly than cotton, shrinks if machine washed or dried unless chemically treated, and affected by moths. The proper care for untreated wool is dry cleaning or hand washing in cool water & a mild detergent, do not place in dryer, and press with cool iron. The common uses for wool is sweaters, tailored suits, coats, blankets, upholstery, rugs, and carpets.

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