U.S. Rise to World Power Annotated Timeline

By; Maria Mendoza

Spanish-American War

April 1898

Spain declares war on the U.S.

The Spanish Pacific fleet is destroyed in the Battle of Manila Bay.

May,1898

In the first battle of the war, the U.S. destroys Spain's fleet of ships in the Battle of Manila Bay.

Teddy Roosevelt leads the Rough Riders at San Juan Hill.

July, 1898

U.S forces attack Spain on the southern coast of Cuba.

Hawaii becomes annexed.

July,1898

After the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, congress then voted to annex Hawaii in 1898.

The Spanish fleet in the Caribbean is destroyed in the Battle of Santiago.

July,1898

After a relatively easy fight with Spain, the U.S. and Spain agree to stop fighting and sign a cease-fire agreement. The war unofficially comes to an end.

U.S. troops capture Manila in a mock battle.

August,1898

U.S. and Spanish troops stage a mock battle in the Philippine capital of Manila. It was predetermined that Spain would surrender and allow the U.S. to take control of the Philippines.

The U.S. and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris

December, 1898

The Spanish-American War officially ends when the U.S. and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris. The U.S. takes possession of Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico for $20 million.

The Philippines declares itself an independent republic.

January,1899

The Philippines rejects U.S. rule and declares itself an independent republic, beginning the Philippine-American war.

The Foraker Act establishes the structure of government in Puerto Rico.

April,1900

After the U.S. takes possession of Puerto Rico, it is necessary to set up a government. The Foraker Act calls for elements including a governor, a House of Representatives, and a Supreme Court.

Panama Canal

March, 1903

President Roosevelt established the Isthmian Canal Commission to see through the construction of the Panama Canal.

Yellow Fever during the Panama Canal.

Nov. 1904

The first workers during the American effort in Panama contracts yellow fever.

Monroe Doctrine.

Dec,1904

The Doctrine stated that the U.S would intervene as a last resort to ensure that other nations in the Western Hemisphere fulfilled their obligations.

Muckrakers.

1905

Writers who investigates and publishes truthful reports to preform an audition or watchdog function.   

Pure Food & Drug Act.

June,1906

A United States federal law that provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.

Dollar Diplomacy.

Dec, 1912

Was evident in extensive U.S interventions in the Caribbean and Central America, especially in measures undertaken to safeguard America financial interest in the region.

World War I Begins .

Aug,1914

U.S. conducted a large amount of trade with G. B. which would be affected if Germany won the war.

German Proclamation

Feb,1915

The Waters around the British Isles were to be considered an official war zone and Germany would sink any ship hat entered this area called the Unrestricted Submarine Warfare.

  Sinking of the Lusitania.

May,1915

British passenger ship was torpedoed and suck by a German Submarine killing more than 120 Americans.

  Sussex Pledge.

April,1916

Germany promises to not sink anymore merchant ships without warning. (They don't want the U.S to enter the war)

 Failure of Diplomacy

Feb, 1917

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare continues. Germany resumes U Boats attack on the U.S.

  Zimmerman Telegram

Feb,1917

British intelligence intercepts the Zimmerman telegram which revealed Germany's plan to ask the Mexican Government to attack the U.S. in exchange for TX, NM, and AZ.

  U.S Enters WWI

Apr,1917

U.S officially at War.

   Selective Service Act

May,1917

The government now has the power to draft soldiers. The act required all men in the U.S between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for military service. Within a few months millions of men across the country had registered in response to the military draft.

Fourteen Points

Jan,1918

The address was intended to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe.


Treaty of Versailles.

June,1919

It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.

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